Nectanebo II

400 BC - 343 BC

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Nectanebo II (Manetho's transcription of Egyptian Nḫt-Ḥr-(n)-Ḥbyt, "Strong is Horus of Hebit"), ruled in 360–342 BC was the third and last pharaoh of the Thirtieth Dynasty of Egypt as well as the last native ruler of ancient Egypt.Under Nectanebo II, Egypt prospered. During his reign, the Egyptian artists developed a specific style that left a distinctive mark on the reliefs of the Ptolemaic Kingdom. Like his indirect predecessor Nectanebo I, Nectanebo II showed enthusiasm for many of the cults of the gods within ancient Egyptian religion, and more than a hundred Egyptian sites bear evidence of his attentions. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nectanebo II has received more than 343,966 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Nectanebo II is the 3,008th most popular politician (down from 2,701st in 2019), the 156th most popular biography from Egypt (down from 146th in 2019) and the 77th most popular Egyptian Politician.

Nectanebo II is most famous for being the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.

Memorability Metrics

  • 340k

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  • 70.77

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 37

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.93

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.27

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Nectanebo II ranks 3,008 out of 15,710Before him are Felipe González, Pekah, Adélaïde of France, Joko Widodo, Francis, Count of Vendôme, and Winnie Madikizela-Mandela. After him are Omri, Carin Göring, William Pitt the Younger, Hystaspes, Cleopatra Eurydice of Macedon, and Wolfgang Schäuble.

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Among people born in 400 BC, Nectanebo II ranks 9Before him are Parmenion, Porus, Berossus, Theopompus, Thaïs, and Leochares. After him are Ephorus, Teos of Egypt, Spitamenes, Mithridates I of Pontus, Atropates, and Harpalus. Among people deceased in 343 BC, Nectanebo II ranks 2Before him is Dionysius II of Syracuse. After him is Arybbas of Epirus.

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In Egypt

Among people born in Egypt, Nectanebo II ranks 156 out of 520Before him are Arsinoe III of Egypt (-246), Intef II (-2150), Mary the Jewess (100), Al-Kamil (1177), Berenice III of Egypt (-120), and Hemiunu (-2500). After him are Al-Mansur Qalawun (1222), Ptolemy VIII Physcon (-182), Huda Sha'arawi (1879), Sosigenes of Alexandria (-80), Saadia Gaon (882), and Cleopatra V of Egypt (-100).


Among politicians born in Egypt, Nectanebo II ranks 77Before him are Necho I (-700), Apries (-650), Arsinoe III of Egypt (-246), Intef II (-2150), Al-Kamil (1177), and Berenice III of Egypt (-120). After him are Al-Mansur Qalawun (1222), Ptolemy VIII Physcon (-182), Cleopatra V of Egypt (-100), Djedkare Isesi (-2500), Ahmose (-1504), and Cleopatra Thea (-164).