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Napoleon II

1811 - 1832

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Napoleon II (Napoléon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte; 20 March 1811 – 22 July 1832) was the disputed Emperor of the French for a few weeks in 1815. The son of Emperor Napoleon I and Marie Louise of Austria, he had been Prince Imperial of France and King of Rome since birth. After the fall of his father, he lived the rest of his life in Vienna and was known in the Austrian court as Franz, Duke of Reichstadt for his adult life (from the German version of his second given name, along with a title he was granted by the Austrian emperor in 1818). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Napoleon II has received more than 3,201,983 page views. His biography is available in 68 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 67 in 2019). Napoleon II is the 220th most popular politician (down from 209th in 2019), the 89th most popular biography from France (up from 96th in 2019) and the 22nd most popular French Politician.

Napoleon II was the son of Napoleon I and his second wife, Marie Louise. He was born in 1811 and died in 1832. He was King of Rome from 1811 to 1814, and then King of the French from 1814 to 1824.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 77.54

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 68

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.40

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.12

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Napoleon II ranks 220 out of 15,577Before him are Xi Jinping, Ferdinand I of Austria, Harun al-Rashid, Ho Chi Minh, Ferdinand II of Aragon, and Hosni Mubarak. After him are Paul I of Russia, Harald V of Norway, Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire, David Ben-Gurion, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Anwar Sadat.

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Among people born in 1811, Napoleon II ranks 2Before him is Franz Liszt. After him are Évariste Galois, Robert Bunsen, Maximilian II of Bavaria, Théophile Gautier, Urbain Le Verrier, William Makepeace Thackeray, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Isaac Singer, Louis Blanc, and Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Among people deceased in 1832, Napoleon II ranks 2Before him is Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After him are Jean-François Champollion, Jeremy Bentham, Walter Scott, Évariste Galois, Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, Georges Cuvier, Jean-Baptiste Say, Muzio Clementi, Rasmus Rask, and Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.

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In France

Among people born in France, Napoleon II ranks 89 out of 6,011Before him are Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749), Edward IV of England (1442), Louis Philippe I (1773), Charles X of France (1757), Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744), and Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1520). After him are Jean-François Champollion (1790), Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841), Maurice Ravel (1875), Jean de La Fontaine (1621), Madame de Pompadour (1721), and Charles-Augustin de Coulomb (1736).


Among politicians born in France, Napoleon II ranks 22Before him are Henry III of France (1551), Louis the Pious (778), Caracalla (188), Edward IV of England (1442), Louis Philippe I (1773), and Charles X of France (1757). After him are Henry II of France (1519), Philip V of Spain (1683), Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708), Louis XVII of France (1785), Charles VII of France (1403), and Philippe Pétain (1856).