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1170 - 1223

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Muqali (Mongolian: Мухулай; 1170–1223), also spelt Mukhali and Mukhulai, was a Mongol general ("bo'ol", "one who is bound" in service) who became a trusted and esteemed commander under Genghis Khan. The son of Gü'ün U'a, a Jalair leader who had sworn fealty to the Mongols, he became known by his epithet "Muqali", "one who dulls", earned through his committed and able service to the Great Khan and the Mongol Empire.During the invasion of Jin China, Muqali acted as Genghis Khan's second-in-command, was promoted to Viceroy of China, and was entrusted with a great degree of autonomy once Genghis Khan departed to conquer Central Asia. Unlike many Mongol leaders who were willing to massacre to gain any advantage, Muqali usually attempted to convert foes into friends by more conciliatory means.By the time of Ogedei's reign (1229–1241), he was viewed as the best of the extraordinarily talented pool of Mongol generals. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Muqali has received more than 104,418 page views. His biography is available in 17 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 15 in 2019). Muqali is the 420th most popular military personnel (up from 485th in 2019), the 19th most popular biography from Mongolia (up from 20th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Mongolian Military Personnel.

Muqali is most famous for being the commander of the army that conquered Jerusalem in 1099.

Memorability Metrics

  • 100k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.82

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 17

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.28

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Muqalis by language


Among military personnels, Muqali ranks 420 out of 1,468Before him are Alfred von Waldersee, Uqba ibn Nafi, Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Gan Ning, Mitsuru Ushijima, and Karl Silberbauer. After him are John of Austria the Younger, Cao Ren, August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Laskarina Bouboulina, Karl Mack von Leiberich, and Kawakami Gensai.

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Among people born in 1170, Muqali ranks 9Before him are Valdemar II of Denmark, Wolfram von Eschenbach, Walther von der Vogelweide, Constantine Laskaris, Hermann von Salza, and Isabella of Hainault. After him are Jayadeva, Otto I, Count of Burgundy, Pierre de Castelnau, Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din, Jacques de Vitry, and Abdallah al-Adil. Among people deceased in 1223, Muqali ranks 3Before him are Philip II of France and Afonso II of Portugal. After him are George IV of Georgia, Margaret of Hungary, Mstislav III of Kiev, Sancho, Count of Provence, Wincenty Kadłubek, Unkei, and Ada, Countess of Holland.

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In Mongolia

Among people born in Mongolia, Muqali ranks 19 out of 63Before him are Damdin Sükhbaatar (1893), Toghrul (1130), Sorghaghtani Beki (1190), Altan Khan (1507), Baydu (1300), and Esen Taishi (1407). After him are Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal (1916), 4th Dalai Lama (1589), Dayan Khan (1464), Mandukhai (1449), Ambaghai (null), and Zanabazar (1635).


Among military personnels born in Mongolia, Muqali ranks 4Before him are Genghis Khan (1162), Jochi (1181), and Subutai (1175).