Mumtaz Mahal

1593 - 1631

Mumtaz Mahal

Mumtaz Mahal ([mʊmˈt̪aːz mɛˈɦɛl], Persian: ممتاز محل‎, romanized: momtaz mahal; born Arjumand Banu Begum, in Persian: ارجمند بانو بیگم‎; 27 April 1593 – 17 June 1631) was the Empress consort of the Mughal Empire from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Taj Mahal in Agra, often cited as one of the Wonders of the World, was commissioned by her husband to act as her tomb.Mumtaz Mahal was born Arjumand Banu Begum in Agra to a family of Persian nobility. She was the daughter of Abu'l-Hasan Asaf Khan, a wealthy Persian noble who held high office in the Mughal Empire, and the niece of Empress Nur Jahan, the chief wife of Emperor Jahangir and the power behind the emperor. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mumtaz Mahal has received more than 2,980,838 page views. Her biography is available in 51 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 123rd most popular companion.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.00

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 51

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.32

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among companions, Mumtaz Mahal ranks 123 out of 586Before her are Maria Luisa of Parma, Henrietta Maria of France, Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Imelda Marcos, Carlos, Prince of Asturias, and Constance, Queen of Sicily. After her are Dinah, Caroline of Baden, Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, Maria Luisa of Savoy, Julie Clary, and Elena of Montenegro.

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Among people born in 1593, Mumtaz Mahal ranks 4Before her are Artemisia Gentileschi, Georges de La Tour, and Jacob Jordaens. After her are Toyotomi Hideyori, Matthäus Merian, Nicolaes Tulp, Balthasar van der Ast, George I Rákóczi, Anthony van Diemen, George Herbert, and Izaak Walton. Among people deceased in 1631, Mumtaz Mahal ranks 2Before her is John Donne. After her are John Smith, Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria, Constance of Austria, Willem Janszoon, Michael Maestlin, Charles II Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers, Federico Borromeo, Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, and Katō Yoshiaki.

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In India

Among people born in India, Mumtaz Mahal ranks 50 out of 848Before her are Salman Khan (1965), Meera (1498), Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856), Vallabhbhai Patel (1875), William Makepeace Thackeray (1811), and Augustus De Morgan (1806). After her are Tipu Sultan (1750), Premchand (1880), Vyasa (-390), Ghalib (1797), Pete Best (1941), and Amir Khusrow (1253).


Among companions born in India, Mumtaz Mahal ranks 2Before her are Sita (null). After her are Mariam-uz-Zamani (1542) and Brian Horrocks (1895).

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