Mulla Sadra

1571 - 1636

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Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī, also called Mullā Ṣadrā (Persian: ملا صدرا‎; Arabic: صدر المتألهین‎) (c. 1571/2 – c. 1635/40 CE / 980 - 1050 AH), was a Persian Twelver Shi'i Islamic mystic, philosopher, theologian, and ‘Ālim who led the Iranian cultural renaissance in the 17th century. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mulla Sadra has received more than 245,592 page views. His biography is available in 27 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 25 in 2019). Mulla Sadra is the 378th most popular philosopher (up from 395th in 2019), the 111th most popular biography from Iran (up from 112th in 2019) and the 9th most popular Iranian Philosopher.

Mulla Sadra is most famous for his philosophy of “Transcendent theosophy” which is a fusion of the ideas of Plato and Aristotle. Mulla Sadra argued that there are two levels of reality: the world of the intellect and the world of nature. The world of the intellect is the realm of pure thought, while the world of nature is the realm of matter. For Mulla Sadra, the world of the intellect is superior to the world of nature because it is eternal and unchanging.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 27

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.95

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.99

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Mulla Sadra ranks 378 out of 1,089Before him are Pompeia Plotina, Jean Gerson, René Girard, Paul Tillich, Gershom Scholem, and Ramanuja. After him are Yuri Lotman, Alexandre Kojève, Saadia Gaon, Nachmanides, Nasir Khusraw, and Guan Zhong.

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Among people born in 1571, Mulla Sadra ranks 6Before him are Caravaggio, Johannes Kepler, Abbas the Great, Hasekura Tsunenaga, and Michael Praetorius. After him are Emperor Go-Yōzei, Thomas Mun, Frederick de Houtman, Willem Blaeu, Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, and Salomon de Brosse. Among people deceased in 1636, Mulla Sadra ranks 3Before him are Pieter Brueghel the Younger and Date Masamune. After him are Santorio Santorio, Sendivogius, Dong Qichang, and Gregorio Fernández.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Mulla Sadra ranks 111 out of 463Before him are Karim Khan Zand (1705), Yazdegerd II (500), Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149), Yazdegerd I (400), Tahmasp II (1704), and Bahram Chobin (600). After him are Mohammad Shah Qajar (1808), Vologases I of Parthia (1), Qazi Muhammad (1893), Arses of Persia (-360), Barkiyaruq (1081), and Gaykhatu (1300).

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Among philosophers born in Iran, Mulla Sadra ranks 9Before him are Bayazid Bastami (804), Mazdak (450), Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi (1155), Haji Bektash Veli (1209), Miskawayh (932), and Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149). After him are Ibn al-Rawandi (827), Al-Shahrastani (1086), Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai (1892), Al-Baydawi (1201), Shihab al-Din 'Umar al-Suhrawardi (1145), and Hossein Nasr (1933).