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Mulla Sadra

1571 - 1636

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Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī, more commonly known as Mullā Ṣadrā (Persian: ملا صدرا; Arabic: صدر المتألهین) (c. 1571/2 – c. 1635/40 CE / 980 – 1050 AH), was a Persian Twelver Shi'i Islamic mystic, philosopher, theologian, and ‘Ālim who led the Iranian cultural renaissance in the 17th century. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mulla Sadra has received more than 336,521 page views. His biography is available in 29 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 27 in 2019). Mulla Sadra is the 363rd most popular philosopher (up from 378th in 2019), the 117th most popular biography from Iran (down from 111th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Iranian Philosopher.

Mulla Sadra is most famous for his philosophy of “Transcendent theosophy” which is a fusion of the ideas of Plato and Aristotle. Mulla Sadra argued that there are two levels of reality: the world of the intellect and the world of nature. The world of the intellect is the realm of pure thought, while the world of nature is the realm of matter. For Mulla Sadra, the world of the intellect is superior to the world of nature because it is eternal and unchanging.

Memorability Metrics

  • 340k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 61.91

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 29

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.94

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.19

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Mulla Sadra ranks 363 out of 1,081Before him are Euclid of Megara, René Girard, Nachmanides, Uriel da Costa, Macrobius, and Alexandre Kojève. After him are Ronald Dworkin, Edward de Bono, Günther Anders, Fukuzawa Yukichi, Archelaus, and Johann Georg Hamann.

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Among people born in 1571, Mulla Sadra ranks 7Before him are Johannes Kepler, Caravaggio, Abbas the Great, Hasekura Tsunenaga, Michael Praetorius, and Emperor Go-Yōzei. After him are Thomas Mun, Frederick de Houtman, Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, Willem Blaeu, Charles, Duke of Guise, and Pietro Aldobrandini. Among people deceased in 1636, Mulla Sadra ranks 4Before him are Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Date Masamune, and Santorio Santorio. After him are Stefano Maderno, Dong Qichang, Sendivogius, Augustus the Elder, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Iskandar Muda, and Gregorio Fernández.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Mulla Sadra ranks 117 out of 528Before him are Abbas III (1732), Datis (-600), Ali Shariati (1933), Mohammad-Ali Rajai (1933), Qazi Muhammad (1893), and Arses of Persia (-360). After him are Haji Bektash Veli (1209), Artavasdes II of Armenia (-100), Ibn al-Muqaffa' (724), Mehran Karimi Nasseri (1942), Istakhri (850), and Sasan (200).

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Among philosophers born in Iran, Mulla Sadra ranks 8Before him are Al-Tabari (839), Bayazid Bastami (804), Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149), Miskawayh (932), Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi (1155), and Mazdak (450). After him are Haji Bektash Veli (1209), Al-Shahrastani (1086), Al-Baydawi (1201), Al-Taftazani (1322), Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai (1892), and Shihab al-Din 'Umar al-Suhrawardi (1145).