Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji

1101 - 1206

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Ikhtiyār al-Dīn Muḥammad Bakhtiyār Khaljī, also known as Bakhtiyar Khalji, was a Turko-Afghan military general who led the Muslim conquests of the eastern Indian regions of Bengal and Bihar and established himself as their ruler.Khalji's invasions the Indian subcontinent between A.D. 1197 and 1206 led to mass flight and murder of Buddhist monks, and caused grave damage to the traditionally Buddhist institutions of higher learning in Northern India. In Bengal, Khalji's reign was responsible for displacement of Buddhism by Islam. His rule is said to have begun the Islamic rule in Bengal, most notably those of Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal.Bakhtiyar also launched the Tibet campaign, in which he was killed in 1206. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji has received more than 346,653 page views. His biography is available in 15 different languages on Wikipedia. Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji is the 1,202nd most popular military personnel, the 74th most popular biography from Afghanistan and the most popular Afghan Military Personnel.

Memorability Metrics

  • 350k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 61.55

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 15

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 2.23

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.85

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among military personnels, Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji ranks 1,202 out of 1,466Before him are Frank Serpico, François Perrier, Joseph Hooker, Alfonso Cano, Christine Jorgensen, and Karl von Einem. After him are Henry Tandey, Harry Patch, Miguel Grau Seminario, Leo Phokas the Younger, José Enrique Varela, and Datames.

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Among people born in 1101, Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji ranks 6Before him are Héloïse, Marie de France, Stephen II of Hungary, Andronikos I of Trebizond, and Eustathius of Thessalonica. After him is Berenguer de Palou II. Among people deceased in 1206, Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji ranks 5Before him are Ismail al-Jazari, Adela of Champagne, Muhammad of Ghor, and Amalric of Bena. After him is John X of Constantinople.

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In Afghanistan

Among people born in Afghanistan, Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji ranks 74 out of 108Before him are Unsuri (980), Demetrius I of Bactria (-300), Haji Mohammad Chamkani (1947), Heliocles I (-200), Wazir Akbar Khan (1816), and Gulbadan Begum (1523). After him are Shah Shujah Durrani (1785), Abdul Ahad Mohmand (1959), Zalmay Khalilzad (1951), Mohammed Fahim (1957), Mahmud Tarzi (1865), and Afghan Girl (1972).


Among military personnels born in Afghanistan, Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji ranks 1After him are Islam Bibi (1974).