932 - 1030

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Ibn Miskawayh (Persian: مُسْکُـوْيَه‎ Muskūyah, 932–1030), full name Abū ʿAlī Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaʿqūb ibn Miskawayh was a Persian chancery official of the Buyid era, and philosopher and historian from Parandak, Iran. As a Neoplatonist, his influence on Islamic philosophy is primarily in the area of ethics. He was the author of the first major Islamic work on philosophical ethics entitled the Refinement of Character (تهذيب الأخلاق Tahdhīb al-Akhlāq), focusing on practical ethics, conduct, and refinement of character. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Miskawayh has received more than 70,337 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 22 in 2019). Miskawayh is the 346th most popular philosopher (up from 384th in 2019), the 100th most popular biography from Iran (up from 106th in 2019) and the 7th most popular Iranian Philosopher.

Miskawayh was a 10th century Persian scholar who wrote a book on ethics and morality.

Memorability Metrics

  • 70k

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  • 71.06

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.05

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.28

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Miskawayh ranks 346 out of 1,089Before him are Fukuzawa Yukichi, Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, Moses Hess, Juan Luis Vives, Isaac Abarbanel, and Judith Butler. After him are Strato of Lampsacus, Johann Georg Hamann, Ronald Dworkin, Edgar Morin, Lev Shestov, and Han Yu.

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Among people born in 932, Miskawayh ranks 2Before him is Pope Marinus II. After him are Sancho I of León, Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia, Adalbert of Italy, At-Ta'i, and Dong Yuan. Among people deceased in 1030, Miskawayh ranks 3Before him are Olaf II of Norway and Mahmud of Ghazni. After him are Adalberon, William V, Duke of Aquitaine, and Ogive of Luxembourg.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Miskawayh ranks 100 out of 463Before him are Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan (1305), Ali al-Sistani (1930), Piruz Nahavandi (700), Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar (1853), Haji Bektash Veli (1209), and Datis (-600). After him are Fath-Ali Shah Qajar (1772), Demetrius II Nicator (-161), Bardiya (-580), Artavasdes II of Armenia (-100), Karim Khan Zand (1705), and Yazdegerd II (500).

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Among philosophers born in Iran, Miskawayh ranks 7Before him are Al-Ghazali (1058), Al-Tabari (839), Bayazid Bastami (804), Mazdak (450), Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi (1155), and Haji Bektash Veli (1209). After him are Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149), Mulla Sadra (1571), Ibn al-Rawandi (827), Al-Shahrastani (1086), Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai (1892), and Al-Baydawi (1201).