Midhat Pasha

1822 - 1883

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Ahmed Şefik Midhat Pasha (Ottoman Turkish: احمد شفيق مدحت پاشا‎‎, 18 October 1822 – 26 April 1883) was an Ottoman democrat, kingmaker and one of the leading statesmen during the late Tanzimat period. He is most famous for leading the Ottoman constitutional movement of 1876 and introducing the First Constitutional Era, but was also a leading figure of reform in the educational and provincial administrations. He was part of a governing elite which recognized the crisis the Empire was in and considered reform to be a dire need. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Midhat Pasha has received more than 154,793 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). Midhat Pasha is the 2,642nd most popular politician (up from 2,756th in 2019), the 312th most popular biography from Turkey (down from 311th in 2019) and the 169th most popular Turkish Politician.

Midhat Pasha was a reformer in the Ottoman Empire. He is most famous for his policies that were meant to modernize the empire.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.68

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.11

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Midhat Pasha ranks 2,642 out of 15,710Before him are Canute I of Sweden, B. J. Habibie, Otto III, Duke of Bavaria, George V of Hanover, Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony, and Gaius Marcius Coriolanus. After him are Megawati Sukarnoputri, Manfred Gerlach, Maurice Quentin de La Tour, Karolos Papoulias, Charles III of Navarre, and Frederick II, Duke of Swabia.

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Among people born in 1822, Midhat Pasha ranks 15Before him are Rutherford B. Hayes, Étienne Lenoir, Charles Hermite, Francis, Duke of Cádiz, Heinrich Louis d'Arrest, and Edmond de Goncourt. After him are Prince Napoléon Bonaparte, Adelaide of Austria, Rosa Bonheur, Robert Luther, Red Cloud, and Olga Nikolaevna of Russia. Among people deceased in 1883, Midhat Pasha ranks 8Before him are Richard Wagner, Édouard Manet, Ivan Turgenev, Gustave Doré, Emir Abdelkader, and Henri, Count of Chambord. After him are Joseph Plateau, Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Charles II, Duke of Parma, Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Thomas Mayne Reid, and Eva Gonzalès.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Midhat Pasha ranks 312 out of 1,128Before him are Seleucus IV Philopator (-217), Sabbas the Sanctified (439), Thābit ibn Qurra (836), Publilius Syrus (-100), Fritigern (400), and Heraclides Ponticus (-385). After him are Alexios I of Trebizond (1182), Menua (-900), Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha (232), Thomas Palaiologos (1409), Raziye Sultan (null), and Joannes Zonaras (1074).


Among politicians born in Turkey, Midhat Pasha ranks 169Before him are Antiochus VII Sidetes (-159), Polyxena (null), Ptolemy Philadelphus (-36), Basiliscus (500), Seleucus IV Philopator (-217), and Fritigern (400). After him are Alexios I of Trebizond (1182), Menua (-900), Thomas Palaiologos (1409), Bülent Ecevit (1925), Cleitus the Black (-370), and Alexander Ypsilantis (1792).