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Mengistu Haile Mariam

1937 - Today

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Mengistu Haile Mariam (Amharic: መንግሥቱ ኀይለ ማሪያም, pronunciation: [mənɡɨstu haɪlə marjam]; born 21 May 1937) is an Ethiopian politician and former army officer who was the head of state of Ethiopia from 1977 to 1991 and General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Ethiopia from 1984 to 1991. He was the chairman of the Derg, the socialist military junta that governed Ethiopia, from 1977 to 1987, and the president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (PDRE) from 1987 to 1991.The Derg took power in the Ethiopian Revolution following the overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1974, marking the end of the Solomonic dynasty which had ruled Ethiopia since the 13th century. Mengistu purged rivals for power from the Derg and made himself dictator of Ethiopia, attempting to modernize the feudal economy of Ethiopia through Marxist-Leninist-inspired policies such as nationalization and land redistribution. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mengistu Haile Mariam has received more than 1,594,037 page views. His biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 58 in 2019). Mengistu Haile Mariam is the 1,535th most popular politician (down from 1,396th in 2019), the 4th most popular biography from Ethiopia and the 3rd most popular Ethiopian Politician.

Mengistu Haile Mariam was the president of Ethiopia from 1974 to 1991. He was most famous for being the leader of the Derg, a Marxist military junta that overthrew Emperor Haile Selassie.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.6M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.96

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.83

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.94

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Mengistu Haile Mariam ranks 1,535 out of 15,577Before him are Juba II, Hippias, Jiang Ziya, Ferdinand I of Aragon, Philip V of Macedon, and John II of Castile. After him are Minamoto no Yoritomo, Ferdinand I of León, Theuderic I, Abaqa Khan, Ioannis Metaxas, and Raisa Gorbacheva.

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Among people born in 1937, Mengistu Haile Mariam ranks 21Before him are Queen Paola of Belgium, Vanessa Redgrave, Martti Ahtisaari, Colin Powell, Madeleine Albright, and Egon Krenz. After him are Ahmed Yassin, Warren Beatty, Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, Robert Coleman Richardson, and Philip Glass.

Others Born in 1937

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In Ethiopia

Among people born in Ethiopia, Mengistu Haile Mariam ranks 4 out of 89Before him are Haile Selassie (1892), Abebe Bikila (1932), and Zewditu (1876). After him are Menelik II (1844), Menelik I (-1000), Onuphrius (320), Lij Iyasu of Ethiopia (1895), Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (1946), Sahle-Work Zewde (1950), Girma Wolde-Giorgis (1924), and Tewodros II (1818).

Among POLITICIANS In Ethiopia

Among politicians born in Ethiopia, Mengistu Haile Mariam ranks 3Before him are Haile Selassie (1892) and Zewditu (1876). After him are Menelik II (1844), Menelik I (-1000), Lij Iyasu of Ethiopia (1895), Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (1946), Sahle-Work Zewde (1950), Girma Wolde-Giorgis (1924), Tewodros II (1818), Meles Zenawi (1955), and Amha Selassie (1916).