Maximilian Kolbe

1894 - 1941

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Maximilian Maria Kolbe (born Raymund Kolbe; Polish: Maksymilian Maria Kolbe; 1894–1941) was a Polish Catholic priest and Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a man named Franciszek Gajowniczek in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War II. He had been active in promoting the veneration of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, founding and supervising the monastery of Niepokalanów near Warsaw, operating an amateur-radio station (SP3RN), and founding or running several other organizations and publications. On 10 October 1982, Pope John Paul II canonized Kolbe and declared him a martyr of charity. The Catholic Church venerates him as the patron saint of amateur radio operators, drug addicts, political prisoners, families, journalists, and prisoners. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maximilian Kolbe has received more than 2,273,894 page views. His biography is available in 52 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 51 in 2019). Maximilian Kolbe is the 237th most popular religious figure (down from 223rd in 2019), the 30th most popular biography from Poland (down from 27th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Religious Figure.

Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 72.02

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 52

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.40

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.94

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, Maximilian Kolbe ranks 237 out of 2,238Before him are Pope Eugene III, Pope Adrian I, Pope Alexander I, Vincent de Paul, Pope Fabian, and Ignatius of Antioch. After him are Pope Damasus I, Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib, Demetrius of Thessaloniki, Amos, Pope Adrian II, and Ezra.

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Among people born in 1894, Maximilian Kolbe ranks 6Before him are Nikita Khrushchev, Gavrilo Princip, Rudolf Hess, Edward VIII, and Aldous Huxley. After him are Georges Lemaître, Louis-Ferdinand Céline, Boris III of Bulgaria, John Ford, Jean Renoir, and Norbert Wiener. Among people deceased in 1941, Maximilian Kolbe ranks 8Before him are Rabindranath Tagore, James Joyce, Henri Bergson, Virginia Woolf, Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, and Alfonso XIII of Spain. After him are Maurice Leblanc, James George Frazer, Arthur Evans, Robert Delaunay, Frederick Banting, and Emanuel Lasker.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Maximilian Kolbe ranks 30 out of 1,454Before him are Zygmunt Bauman (1925), Isaac Bashevis Singer (1902), Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846), Wisława Szymborska (1923), Arthur Rubinstein (1887), and Adam Mickiewicz (1798). After him are Krzysztof Kieślowski (1941), Kurt Lewin (1890), Irena Sendler (1910), Marie Leszczyńska (1703), Bronisław Malinowski (1884), and Leonid Kravchuk (1934).


Among religious figures born in Poland, Maximilian Kolbe ranks 2Before him are Pope John Paul II (1920). After him are Faustina Kowalska (1905), Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906), Saint Casimir (1458), Angelus Silesius (1624), Itzhak Stern (1901), Stanislaus of Szczepanów (1030), Stanislaus Kostka (1550), Stefan Wyszyński (1901), Jerzy Popiełuszko (1947), and Hyacinth of Poland (1185).