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Max Ernst

1891 - 1976

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Max Ernst (2 April 1891 – 1 April 1976) was a German (naturalised American in 1948 and French in 1958) painter, sculptor, printmaker, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism in Europe. He had no formal artistic training, but his experimental attitude toward the making of art resulted in his invention of frottage—a technique that uses pencil rubbings of textured objects and relief surfaces to create images—and grattage, an analogous technique in which paint is scraped across canvas to reveal the imprints of the objects placed beneath. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Max Ernst has received more than 1,991,061 page views. His biography is available in 62 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 61 in 2019). Max Ernst is the 89th most popular painter (down from 77th in 2019), the 174th most popular biography from Germany (down from 138th in 2019) and the 5th most popular German Painter.

Max Ernst was a German painter and graphic artist. He is most famous for his surrealistic paintings.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.86

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 62

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.56

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.19

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among painters, Max Ernst ranks 89 out of 1,421Before him are Cimabue, Francisco de Zurbarán, Paolo Uccello, Jean-Honoré Fragonard, Berthe Morisot, and Jean-Antoine Watteau. After him are Filippo Lippi, Matthias Grünewald, Vittore Carpaccio, Andrei Rublev, Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, and Claude Lorrain.

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Among people born in 1891, Max Ernst ranks 9Before him are Antonio Gramsci, Sergei Prokofiev, B. R. Ambedkar, Mikhail Bulgakov, Walter Model, and James Chadwick. After him are Edith Stein, Nelly Sachs, Henry Miller, Frederick Banting, Pär Lagerkvist, and Walther Bothe. Among people deceased in 1976, Max Ernst ranks 9Before him are Martin Heidegger, Howard Hughes, Werner Heisenberg, Alvar Aalto, Luchino Visconti, and Zhou Enlai. After him are Bernard Montgomery, Fritz Lang, Jean Gabin, André Malraux, Trofim Lysenko, and Man Ray.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Max Ernst ranks 174 out of 6,142Before him are Hermann von Helmholtz (1821), Otto Hahn (1879), Princess Sophie of Bavaria (1805), Oswald Spengler (1880), Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (1926), and Erich Hartmann (1922). After him are Magda Goebbels (1901), Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846), Johann Pachelbel (1653), Baron d'Holbach (1723), Wilhelm Dilthey (1833), and Olaf Scholz (1958).

Among PAINTERS In Germany

Among painters born in Germany, Max Ernst ranks 5Before him are Peter Paul Rubens (1577), Albrecht Dürer (1471), Caspar David Friedrich (1774), and Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472). After him are Matthias Grünewald (1480), Hans Memling (1435), Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880), Albrecht Altdorfer (1480), Franz Marc (1880), Otto Dix (1891), and Gerhard Richter (1932).