Max Ernst

1891 - 1976

Max Ernst

Max Ernst (2 April 1891 – 1 April 1976) was a German (naturalised American in 1948 and French in 1958) painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and surrealism. He had no formal artistic training, but his experimental attitude toward the making of art resulted in his invention of frottage—a technique that uses pencil rubbings of objects as a source of images—and grattage, an analogous technique in which paint is scraped across canvas to reveal the imprints of the objects placed beneath. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Max Ernst has received more than 1,233,636 page views. His biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 75th most popular painter.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 72.87

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.85

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.00

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among painters, Max Ernst ranks 75 out of 1,258Before him are Théodore Géricault, Rogier van der Weyden, Alphonse Mucha, Alfred Sisley, Artemisia Gentileschi, and Gustave Doré. After him are Domenico Ghirlandaio, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Honoré Daumier, Paolo Uccello, Cimabue, and Lili Elbe.

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Among people born in 1891, Max Ernst ranks 6Before him are Erwin Rommel, Antonio Gramsci, Sergei Prokofiev, Karl Dönitz, and Mikhail Bulgakov. After him are James Chadwick, Walter Model, Henry Miller, Edith Stein, Nelly Sachs, and B. R. Ambedkar. Among people deceased in 1976, Max Ernst ranks 8Before him are Agatha Christie, Martin Heidegger, Howard Hughes, Werner Heisenberg, Alvar Aalto, and Luchino Visconti. After him are Zhou Enlai, Bernard Montgomery, Fritz Lang, Jean Gabin, J. Paul Getty, and Ulrike Meinhof.

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Others Deceased in 1976

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Max Ernst ranks 128 out of 3,763Before him are Alois Alzheimer (1864), Gerd von Rundstedt (1875), Clara Schumann (1819), Meister Eckhart (1260), Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet (1805), and Franz von Papen (1879). After him are Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767), Wilhelm Röntgen (1845), Friedrich Hölderlin (1770), Gerd Müller (1945), Max Müller (1823), and William Herschel (1738).

Among PAINTERS In Germany

Among painters born in Germany, Max Ernst ranks 5Before him are Albrecht Dürer (1471), Peter Paul Rubens (1577), Caspar David Friedrich (1774), and Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472). After him are Matthias Grünewald (1480), Franz Marc (1880), Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880), Albrecht Altdorfer (1480), Otto Dix (1891), Emil Nolde (1867), and Gerhard Richter (1932).

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