Max Ernst

1891 - 1976

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Max Ernst (2 April 1891 – 1 April 1976) was a German (naturalised American in 1948 and French in 1958) painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and surrealism. He had no formal artistic training, but his experimental attitude toward the making of art resulted in his invention of frottage—a technique that uses pencil rubbings of objects as a source of images—and grattage, an analogous technique in which paint is scraped across canvas to reveal the imprints of the objects placed beneath. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Max Ernst has received more than 1,566,792 page views. His biography is available in 61 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 59 in 2019). Max Ernst is the 77th most popular painter (down from 75th in 2019), the 138th most popular biography from Germany (down from 128th in 2019) and the 5th most popular German Painter.

Max Ernst was a German painter and graphic artist. He is most famous for his surrealistic paintings.

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  • 61

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  • 10.27

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.99

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among painters, Max Ernst ranks 77 out of 1,428Before him are Domenico Ghirlandaio, Henri Rousseau, Alfred Sisley, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Andrea Mantegna, and François Boucher. After him are Ilya Repin, Paolo Uccello, Pietro Perugino, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Matthias Grünewald, and Cimabue.

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Among people born in 1891, Max Ernst ranks 6Before him are Erwin Rommel, Karl Dönitz, Sergei Prokofiev, Antonio Gramsci, and Mikhail Bulgakov. After him are Walter Model, Edith Stein, James Chadwick, Henry Miller, Pär Lagerkvist, and Otto Dix. Among people deceased in 1976, Max Ernst ranks 8Before him are Agatha Christie, Martin Heidegger, Howard Hughes, Werner Heisenberg, Alvar Aalto, and Luchino Visconti. After him are Zhou Enlai, Bernard Montgomery, Fritz Lang, Trofim Lysenko, Jean Gabin, and Man Ray.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Max Ernst ranks 138 out of 5,289Before him are Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742), Meister Eckhart (1260), George I of Great Britain (1660), Ludwig II of Bavaria (1845), Rudolf Höss (1901), and Georg Simmel (1858). After him are Agrippina the Younger (15), Max Müller (1823), Johann Pachelbel (1653), George II of Great Britain (1683), Queen Silvia of Sweden (1943), and Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (973).

Among PAINTERS In Germany

Among painters born in Germany, Max Ernst ranks 5Before him are Albrecht Dürer (1471), Peter Paul Rubens (1577), Caspar David Friedrich (1774), and Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472). After him are Matthias Grünewald (1480), Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880), Hans Memling (1435), Franz Marc (1880), Gerhard Richter (1932), Emil Nolde (1867), and Albrecht Altdorfer (1480).