Mary of Modena

1658 - 1718

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Mary of Modena (Italian: Maria Beatrice Eleonora Anna Margherita Isabella d'Este, or Maria di Modena; 5 October [O.S. 25 September] 1658 – 7 May [O.S. 26 April] 1718) was Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the second wife of James II and VII (1633–1701). A devout Roman Catholic, Mary married the widower James, who was then the younger brother and heir presumptive of Charles II (1630–1685). She was uninterested in politics and devoted to James and their children, two of whom survived to adulthood: the Jacobite claimant to the thrones, James Francis Edward, and Louisa Maria Teresa.Born a princess of the northwestern Italian Duchy of Modena, Mary is primarily remembered for the controversial birth of James Francis Edward, her only surviving son. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mary of Modena has received more than 641,694 page views. Her biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 31 in 2019). Mary of Modena is the 266th most popular companion (down from 250th in 2019), the 1,133rd most popular biography from Italy (down from 1,082nd in 2019) and the 27th most popular Italian Companion.

Mary of Modena was the wife of James II and the daughter of the Duke of Modena. She is most famous for being the mother of James Francis Edward Stuart, who became known as the Old Pretender.

Memorability Metrics

  • 640k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.92

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among companions, Mary of Modena ranks 266 out of 687Before her are Tuya, Maria Isabel of Braganza, Alexandra of Yugoslavia, Marie of Brabant, Queen of France, Jabir ibn Abd Allah, and Catherine Opalińska. After her are Domitia Longina, Nazli Sabri, Juana Enríquez, Margaret of France, Queen of England and Hungary, Clarice Orsini, and Jeanne d'Évreux.

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Among people born in 1658, Mary of Modena ranks 2Before her is Giuseppe Torelli. After her are Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine, Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Ogata Kōrin, Luigi Ferdinando Marsili, John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, Louis VII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani. Among people deceased in 1718, Mary of Modena ranks 5Before her are Charles XII of Sweden, Blackbeard, Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia, and William Penn. After her are Stede Bonnet, Vincenzo Coronelli, Philippe de La Hire, Jacques Ozanam, and Charles, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Mary of Modena ranks 1,133 out of 4,088Before her are Marcus Claudius Marcellus (-42), Totò (1898), Piero Manzoni (1933), Gino Severini (1883), Salvator Rosa (1615), and Andrea Amati (1505). After her are Domitia Longina (100), Aloysius Lilius (1510), Barbara Strozzi (1619), Margaret of Savoy, Vicereine of Portugal (1589), Ludovico Carracci (1555), and Louis V, Duke of Bavaria (1315).


Among companions born in Italy, Mary of Modena ranks 27Before her are Rachele Mussolini (1890), Julia (-76), Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon (1249), Bruttia Crispina (164), Vibia Sabina (86), and Adelaide of Austria (1822). After her are Domitia Longina (100), Julia Drusilla (39), Maria Cristina of Savoy (1812), Constantina (325), Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily (1804), and Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies (1822).