Maria Spiridonova

1884 - 1941

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Maria Alexandrovna Spiridonova (Russian: Мари́я Алекса́ндровна Спиридо́нова; 16 October 1884 – 11 September 1941) was a Narodnik-inspired Russian revolutionary. In 1906, as a novice member of a local combat group of the Tambov Socialists-Revolutionaries (SRs), she assassinated a security official. Her subsequent abuse by police earned her enormous popularity with the opponents of Tsarism throughout the empire and even abroad.After spending over 11 years in Siberian prisons she was freed after the February Revolution of 1917, and returned to European Russia as a heroine of the destitute, and especially of the peasants. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maria Spiridonova has received more than 143,222 page views. Her biography is available in 24 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 22 in 2019). Maria Spiridonova is the 161st most popular social activist, the 441st most popular biography from Russia (up from 500th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Russian Social Activist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 140k

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  • 68.11

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 24

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.65

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.27

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among social activists, Maria Spiridonova ranks 161 out of 544Before her are Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Leila Khaled, Campaspe, Mangal Pandey, Eunus, and Abbé Pierre. After her are Soh Jaipil, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Aliya Moldagulova, Abimael Guzmán, Moses Montefiore, and Kang Pan-sok.

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Among people born in 1884, Maria Spiridonova ranks 49Before her are Antonín Zápotocký, Zinaida Serebriakova, Hugo Gernsback, Georges Duhamel, Robert J. Flaherty, and Prince Adalbert of Prussia. After her are Ivan Maisky, Louis B. Mayer, Wilhelm Backhaus, Henri Cornet, Corrado Gini, and Béla Balázs. Among people deceased in 1941, Maria Spiridonova ranks 52Before her are Edwin S. Porter, Rudolf Hilferding, Annie Jump Cannon, Hans Driesch, Ernst Lindemann, and Benjamin Lee Whorf. After her are Ivan Panfilov, Tullio Levi-Civita, Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Paul-Jacques Curie, Henri Cornet, and Lou Gehrig.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Maria Spiridonova ranks 441 out of 2,688Before her are Pavel Nakhimov (1802), Vyacheslav Menzhinsky (1874), Mikhail Chigorin (1850), Fyodor Ushakov (1745), Marina Raskova (1912), and Vera Zasulich (1849). After her are Boris Kustodiev (1878), Yaroslav II of Vladimir (1191), Patriarch Filaret of Moscow (1553), Vladimir Markovnikov (1838), Hadji Murad (1795), and Ivan Maisky (1884).


Among social activists born in Russia, Maria Spiridonova ranks 8Before her are Stenka Razin (1630), Yemelyan Pugachev (1742), Witold Pilecki (1901), Aleksandr Ulyanov (1866), Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya (1923), and Sergey Nechayev (1847). After her are Ilya Ulyanov (1831), Grigory Mikhaylovich Semyonov (1890), Vladimir Bukovsky (1942), Sophia Perovskaya (1853), Nikolai Kuznetsov (1911), and Vera Figner (1852).