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Maria Spiridonova

1884 - 1941

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Maria Alexandrovna Spiridonova (Russian: Мари́я Алекса́ндровна Спиридо́нова; 16 October 1884 – 11 September 1941) was a Narodnik-inspired Russian revolutionary. In 1906, as a novice member of a local combat group of the Tambov Socialists-Revolutionaries (SRs), she assassinated a security official. Her subsequent abuse by police earned her enormous popularity with the opponents of Tsarism throughout the empire and even abroad.After spending over 11 years in Siberian prisons she was freed after the February Revolution of 1917, and returned to European Russia as a heroine of the destitute, and especially of the peasants. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maria Spiridonova has received more than 216,950 page views. Her biography is available in 28 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). Maria Spiridonova is the 163rd most popular social activist (down from 161st in 2019), the 497th most popular biography from Russia (down from 440th in 2019) and the 12th most popular Russian Social Activist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 220k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 58.36

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 28

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.99

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.84

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Maria Spiridonova by language


Among social activists, Maria Spiridonova ranks 163 out of 538Before her are Alexei Navalny, Vladimir Bukovsky, Rigoberta Menchú, Jan Karski, Unity Mitford, and Grigory Mikhaylovich Semyonov. After her are Dmitry Muratov, Campaspe, Yiannis Ritsos, Gaius Julius Civilis, Al-Mu'tazz, and Soh Jaipil.

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Among people born in 1884, Maria Spiridonova ranks 49Before her are Louis B. Mayer, Hugo Gernsback, Antonín Zápotocký, Zinaida Serebriakova, Prince Adalbert of Prussia, and Hugo Schmeisser. After her are Ivan Maisky, Princess Helen of Serbia, Béla Balázs, Clark L. Hull, Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Georges Duhamel. Among people deceased in 1941, Maria Spiridonova ranks 54Before her are Gaetano Mosca, Tullio Levi-Civita, Hans Driesch, Lou Gehrig, Edwin S. Porter, and Benjamin Lee Whorf. After her are Franz Gürtner, Émile Picard, Ivan Panfilov, Hans Berger, Charles Huntziger, and Amrita Sher-Gil.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Maria Spiridonova ranks 497 out of 3,262Before her are Valery Gerasimov (1955), Ivan Bilibin (1876), Sacha Guitry (1885), Viktor Belenko (1947), Grigory Mikhaylovich Semyonov (1890), and Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917). After her are Ivan Maisky (1884), Leonid Gaidai (1923), Nikolay Zhukovsky (1847), Dmitry Muratov (1961), Alexander Butlerov (1828), and Gavrila Derzhavin (1743).


Among social activists born in Russia, Maria Spiridonova ranks 12Before her are Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya (1923), Sergey Nechayev (1847), Ilya Ulyanov (1831), Alexei Navalny (1976), Vladimir Bukovsky (1942), and Grigory Mikhaylovich Semyonov (1890). After her are Dmitry Muratov (1961), Zinaida Portnova (1926), Sophia Perovskaya (1853), Nikolai Kuznetsov (1911), Vera Figner (1852), and Alexander Antonov (1889).