Maria Feodorovna

1759 - 1828

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Maria Feodorovna (Russian: Мария Фёдоровна; née Duchess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg; 25 October 1759 – 5 November 1828 [OS 24 October]) was Empress consort of Russia as the second wife of Tsar Paul I. She was the founder of the Office of the Institutions of Empress Maria. Daughter of Duke Frederick Eugene of Württemberg and Princess Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt, Sophie Dorothea belonged to a junior branch of the House of Württemberg and grew up in Montbéliard receiving an excellent education for her time. After Grand Duke Paul (the future Paul I of Russia) became a widower in 1776, Sophie Dorothea was chosen by Frederick II of Prussia, her maternal great-uncle, and Empress Catherine II of Russia, as the ideal candidate to be Paul's second wife. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maria Feodorovna has received more than 8,742 page views. Her biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 33 in 2019). Maria Feodorovna is the 88th most popular companion (down from 82nd in 2019), the 73rd most popular biography from Poland (up from 77th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Polish Companion.

Maria Feodorovna was the first wife of Emperor Alexander III of Russia and the mother of Nicholas II, the last tsar of Russia.

Memorability Metrics

  • 8.7k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.40

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.23

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.68

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among companions, Maria Feodorovna ranks 88 out of 687. Before her are Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Yakov Dzhugashvili, Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiary, and Isabella of Austria. After her are Hortense de Beauharnais, Athaliah, Elisabeth Farnese, Josephine of Leuchtenberg, Maria Luisa of Parma, and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

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Among people born in 1759, Maria Feodorovna ranks 6Before her are Friedrich Schiller, Georges Danton, Mary Wollstonecraft, Joseph Fouché, and Robert Burns. After her are Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia, William Wilberforce, William Pitt the Younger, Clotilde of France, Maria Theresia von Paradis, and Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony. Among people deceased in 1828, Maria Feodorovna ranks 4Before her are Franz Schubert, Francisco Goya, and Shaka. After her are Victor of Aveyron, Franz Joseph Gall, Carl Peter Thunberg, Jean-Antoine Houdon, Alexander Ypsilantis, Kobayashi Issa, William Hyde Wollaston, and Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Maria Feodorovna ranks 73 out of 1,231. Before her are Albert A. Michelson (1852), Erich von Falkenhayn (1861), Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906), Emanuel Lasker (1868), Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen (1895), and Bolesław I the Brave (967). After her are Benoit Mandelbrot (1924), Casimir IV Jagiellon (1427), Erwin von Witzleben (1881), Lech Kaczyński (1949), Andrzej Sapkowski (1948), and John II Casimir Vasa (1609).

Among COMPANIONS In Poland

Among companions born in Poland, Maria Feodorovna ranks 2Before her are Marie Leszczyńska (1703). After her are Catherine Opalińska (1680), Sophie of Pomerania (1498), Maria Clementina Sobieska (1702), and Sophia Jagiellon, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1464).