Marcus Aurelius

121 - 180

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Marcus Aurelius Antoninus ( ə-REE-lee-əs; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180) was a Roman emperor from 161 to 180 and a Stoic philosopher. He was the last of the rulers known as the Five Good Emperors (a term coined some 13 centuries later by Niccolò Machiavelli), and the last emperor of the Pax Romana (27 BC to 180 AD), an age of relative peace and stability for the Roman Empire. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Marcus Aurelius has received more than 9,989,955 page views. His biography is available in 97 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 95 in 2019). Marcus Aurelius is the 35th most popular politician (up from 48th in 2019), the 22nd most popular biography from Italy (up from 25th in 2019) and the 7th most popular Italian Politician.

Marcus Aurelius was the Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD. He is most famous for his Meditations, a series of personal writings that provide insight into his thoughts and actions.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 97

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.56

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.13

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Marcus Aurelius ranks 35 out of 15,710Before him are Queen Victoria, Carles Puigdemont, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nero, Louis XVI of France, and Justinian I. After him are Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Pericles, Huang Xianfan, Qin Shi Huang, David, and Richard III of England.

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Among people born in 121, Marcus Aurelius ranks 1 Among people deceased in 180, Marcus Aurelius ranks 1After him are Pausanias, Gaius, Aulus Gellius, Tatian, Melito of Sardis, Hegesippus, and Polyaenus.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Marcus Aurelius ranks 22 out of 4,088Before him are Cicero (-106), Commodus (161), Nero (37), Giordano Bruno (1548), Caravaggio (1571), and Francis of Assisi (1182). After him are Virgil (-70), Petrarch (1304), Amerigo Vespucci (1454), Giovanni Boccaccio (1313), Caligula (12), and Ovid (-43).


Among politicians born in Italy, Marcus Aurelius ranks 7Before him are Julius Caesar (-100), Augustus (-63), Benito Mussolini (1883), Cicero (-106), Commodus (161), and Nero (37). After him are Caligula (12), Pontius Pilate (-12), Lorenzo de' Medici (1449), Tiberius (-42), Mark Antony (-83), and Marcus Licinius Crassus (-115).