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Manuel Noriega

1934 - 2017

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Icon of person Manuel Noriega

Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno ( (listen), mahn-WEL nor-ee-AY-gə; Spanish pronunciation: [maˈnwel noˈɾjeɣa]; February 11, 1934 – May 29, 2017) was a Panamanian dictator, politician and military officer who was the de facto ruler of Panama from 1983 to 1989. An authoritarian ruler who amassed a personal fortune through drug trafficking operations, he had longstanding ties to United States intelligence agencies before the U.S. invasion of Panama removed him from power. Born in Panama City to a poor pardo family, Noriega studied at the Chorrillos Military School in Lima and at the School of the Americas. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Manuel Noriega has received more than 5,508,316 page views. His biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 56 in 2019). Manuel Noriega is the 1,482nd most popular politician (down from 1,125th in 2019), the 2nd most popular biography from Panama and the 2nd most popular Panamanian Politician.

Manuel Noriega was a Panamanian military dictator and drug trafficker who was overthrown in 1989 by a United States invasion.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.5M

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  • 67.11

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 58

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.72

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Manuel Noriega ranks 1,482 out of 15,577Before him are Tvrtko I of Bosnia, Viktor Orbán, Meñli I Giray, Baldwin I, Latin Emperor, John VI Kantakouzenos, and Gwanghaegun of Joseon. After him are Alcide De Gasperi, Isaac I Komnenos, Charles II of Navarre, Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria, Sultan Cem, and Avitus.

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Among people born in 1934, Manuel Noriega ranks 24Before him are Paul Ekman, Sydney Pollack, Vavá, Ulrike Meinhof, Empress Michiko, and Alexei Leonov. After him are Stjepan Mesić, Richard Chamberlain, Ronald Wayne, Pierre Richard, Paco Rabanne, and Richard Meier. Among people deceased in 2017, Manuel Noriega ranks 18Before him are Raymond Kopa, Chuck Berry, Jalal Talabani, Hugh Hefner, John Hurt, and Mireille Darc. After him are Johnny Hallyday, Glen Campbell, Ali Abdullah Saleh, Jerry Lewis, Hans Georg Dehmelt, and Martin Landau.

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In Panama

Among people born in Panama, Manuel Noriega ranks 2 out of 66Before him are John McCain (1936). After him are Carlos Fuentes (1928), Edward A. Murphy Jr. (1918), Omar Torrijos (1929), Roberto Durán (1951), Rubén Blades (1948), Billy Cobham (1944), Miguel Bosé (1956), Diego de Almagro II (1520), Guillermo Endara (1936), and Laurentino Cortizo (1953).


Among politicians born in Panama, Manuel Noriega ranks 2Before him are John McCain (1936). After him are Omar Torrijos (1929), Guillermo Endara (1936), Laurentino Cortizo (1953), Ricardo Martinelli (1952), Mireya Moscoso (1946), Ricardo Maduro (1946), Juan Carlos Varela (1963), Martín Torrijos (1963), Ernesto Pérez Balladares (1946), and Eric Arturo Delvalle (1937).