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Mani (in Middle Persian: 𐭌𐭀𐭍𐭉/𐭬𐭠𐭭𐭩/𐮋𐮀𐮌𐮈/𐬨𐬁𐬥𐬌/𐫖𐫀𐫗𐫏 Māni, New Persian: مانی Māni, Chinese: 摩尼 Móní, Syriac Mānī, Greek Μάνης, Latin Manes; also Μανιχαῖος, Latin Manichaeus, from Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ Mānī ḥayyā "Living Mani", c. April AD 216–2 March AD 274 or 26 February AD 277) was an Iranian prophet and the founder of Manichaeism, a religion most prevalent in late antiquity. This religion is strongly influenced by Gnosticism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and Buddhism. It was once widespread, but is now confined to small areas of China, such as Fujian.Mani was born in or near Seleucia-Ctesiphon (south of modern Baghdad) in Mesopotamia, at the time part of the Parthian Empire. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mani has received more than 135,273 page views. His biography is available in 61 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 59 in 2019). Mani is the 179th most popular religious figure (down from 152nd in 2019), the 12th most popular biography from Iraq (down from 10th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Iraqi Religious Figure.

Mani is most famous for being the son of the Hindu god Shiva and his wife Parvati.

Memorability Metrics

  • 140k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.85

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 61

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.20

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.13

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Manis by language


Among religious figures, Mani ranks 179 out of 2,238Before him are Bridget of Sweden, Pope Clement XIII, Elizabeth of Hungary, Pope Callixtus III, Ānanda, and Pope Clement IX. After him are Pope Urban III, Pope Leo III, Pope Marcellus II, Pope Honorius III, Jacques de Molay, and Pope Clement VI.

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Among people born in 216, Mani ranks 1After him is Gaius Julius Verus Maximus. Among people deceased in 274, Mani ranks 1After him are Pope Felix I, Cao Fang, Tetricus I, and Tetricus II.

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Others Deceased in 274

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In Iraq

Among people born in Iraq, Mani ranks 12 out of 338Before him are Abu Hanifa (698), Ashurbanipal (-685), Sargon of Akkad (-2300), Sarah (-1803), Al-Kindi (801), and Ibn al-Haytham (965). After him are Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780), Alexander IV of Macedon (-323), Rabia of Basra (710), Zaha Hadid (1950), Sennacherib (-740), and Sargon II (-750).

Others born in Iraq

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Among religious figures born in Iraq, Mani ranks 4Before him are Abraham (-1813), Abu Hanifa (698), and Sarah (-1803). After him are Rabia of Basra (710), Ezra (-500), Belshazzar (-600), Idris (-3500), Muhammad al-Mahdi (869), Eber (-2038), Ibn Hisham (701), and Junayd of Baghdad (830).