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Mahmud of Ghazni

971 - 1030

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Yamīn-ud-Dawla Abul-Qāṣim Maḥmūd ibn Sebüktegīn (Persian: یمین‌الدوله ابوالقاسم محمود بن سبکتگین; 2 November 971 – 30 April 1030), usually known as Mahmud of Ghazni or Mahmud Ghaznavi (Persian: محمود غزنوی), was the founder of the Ghaznavid dynasty, ruling from 998 to 1030. At the time of his death, his kingdom had been transformed into an extensive military empire, which extended from northwestern Iran proper to the Punjab in the Indian subcontinent, Khwarazm in Transoxiana, and Makran. Highly Persianized, Mahmud continued the bureaucratic, political, and cultural customs of his predecessors, the Samanids. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mahmud of Ghazni has received more than 3,554,168 page views. His biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 55 in 2019). Mahmud of Ghazni is the 1,247th most popular politician (up from 1,517th in 2019), the 14th most popular biography from Afghanistan (down from 11th in 2019) and the 10th most popular Afghan Politician.

Mahmud of Ghazni is most famous for his military conquests in the Indian subcontinent. He invaded India seventeen times and is known to have taken the Koh-i-Noor diamond, one of the world's largest diamonds, from the Indian ruler Raja Jaya Pala.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 58

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.72

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.19

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 1,247 out of 15,577Before him are Léon Degrelle, Senusret III, Wanli Emperor, Martti Ahtisaari, Michael II, and Trebonianus Gallus. After him are Ferdinand VI of Spain, Frederick IV of Denmark, Necho II, Ludwig I of Bavaria, Muawiya II, and Sariputta.

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Among people born in 971, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 1After him are Rudolph III of Burgundy, Abbot Oliba, Henry of Speyer, and Constantine III of Scotland. Among people deceased in 1030, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 2Before him is Olaf II of Norway. After him are Miskawayh, Adalberon, William V, Duke of Aquitaine, Krešimir III of Croatia, and Ernest II, Duke of Swabia.

Others Born in 971

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Others Deceased in 1030

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In Afghanistan

Among people born in Afghanistan, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 14 out of 145Before him are Hafizullah Amin (1929), Mohammed Daoud Khan (1909), Alauddin Khalji (1266), Ali-Shir Nava'i (1441), Amanullah Khan (1892), and Abu Dawood (817). After him are Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī (1837), Mohammed Omar (1962), Babrak Karmal (1929), Humayun (1508), Habibullāh Kalakāni (1890), and Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (1949).

Among POLITICIANS In Afghanistan

Among politicians born in Afghanistan, Mahmud of Ghazni ranks 10Before him are Burhanuddin Rabbani (1940), Ahmad Shah Massoud (1953), Hafizullah Amin (1929), Mohammed Daoud Khan (1909), Alauddin Khalji (1266), and Amanullah Khan (1892). After him are Mohammed Omar (1962), Babrak Karmal (1929), Humayun (1508), Habibullāh Kalakāni (1890), Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (1949), and Nur Muhammad Taraki (1917).