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Lydia Litvyak

1921 - 1943

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Lydia Vladimirovna Litvyak (Russian: Лидия Владимировна Литвяк; 18 August 1921, in Moscow – 1 August 1943, in Krasnyi Luch), also known as Lilya, was a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force during World War II. Historians estimate for her total victories range from five to twelve solo victories and two to four shared kills in her 66 combat sorties. In about two years of operations, she was the first female fighter pilot to shoot down an enemy aircraft, the first of two female fighter pilots who have earned the title of fighter ace and the holder of the record for the greatest number of kills by a female fighter pilot. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Lydia Litvyak has received more than 516,736 page views. Her biography is available in 35 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 32 in 2019). Lydia Litvyak is the 3,097th most popular politician (down from 2,778th in 2019), the 306th most popular biography from Russia (down from 275th in 2019) and the 98th most popular Russian Politician.

Lydia Litvyak was a Russian fighter pilot who was killed in combat in 1943. She was the first female fighter pilot in the world to shoot down an enemy aircraft, and she was the only woman to be awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

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Among politicians, Lydia Litvyak ranks 3,097 out of 15,577Before her are Arkan, Heshen, René II, Duke of Lorraine, Sigismund Báthory, Magnus I of Sweden, and Casimir I the Restorer. After her are Abdul Salam Arif, Pelopidas, Princess Louise of Prussia, Abbas III, Ferdinand Čatloš, and Clotilde of France.

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Among people born in 1921, Lydia Litvyak ranks 48Before her are Edgar Morin, Herschel Grynszpan, Arthur Leonard Schawlow, György Cziffra, Zdeněk Miler, and Nexhmije Hoxha. After her are Abdul Salam Arif, Paul Schäfer, Alida Valli, Jane Russell, James Jones, and Sugar Ray Robinson. Among people deceased in 1943, Lydia Litvyak ranks 26Before her are Chaim Soutine, Alexandre Yersin, Jean Moulin, Julius Fučík, Leslie Howard, and Luz Long. After her are Maurice Denis, Viktor Lutze, Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal, Otto Jespersen, Max Reinhardt, and Mordechai Anielewicz.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Lydia Litvyak ranks 306 out of 3,262Before her are Viktor Shklovsky (1893), Mykola Azarov (1947), Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831), Vitaly Ginzburg (1916), Patriarch Nikon of Moscow (1605), and Alexei Grigoryevich Orlov (1737). After her are Vasily Arkhipov (1926), Varlam Shalamov (1907), Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz (1843), Sofia Gubaidulina (1931), Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (1784), and Aleksey Kuropatkin (1848).


Among politicians born in Russia, Lydia Litvyak ranks 98Before her are Pharnaces II of Pontus (-95), Natalya Naryshkina (1651), Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia (1875), Vsevolod Meyerhold (1874), Mykola Azarov (1947), and Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831). After her are Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (1784), Aleksey Kuropatkin (1848), Georgy Chicherin (1872), Simeon of Moscow (1316), Igor Smirnov (1941), and Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (1822).