Ludwig Boltzmann

1844 - 1906

Ludwig Boltzmann

Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (German pronunciation: [ˈluːtvɪg ˈbɔlt͡sman]; February 20, 1844 – September 5, 1906) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher. His greatest achievement was in the development of statistical mechanics, which explains and predicts how the properties of atoms (such as mass, charge, and structure) determine the physical properties of matter (such as viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ludwig Boltzmann has received more than 849,466 page views. His biography is available in 68 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 38th most popular physicist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 850k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.05

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 68

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.65

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Ludwig Boltzmanns by language


Among physicists, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 38 out of 659Before him are Paul Dirac, Richard Feynman, Gustav Kirchhoff, Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Louis de Broglie, and Johannes Diderik van der Waals. After him are Philipp Lenard, Wilhelm Röntgen, Ernst Mach, Pieter Zeeman, Lise Meitner, and Wolfgang Pauli.

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Among people born in 1844, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 10Before him are Anatole France, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Paul Verlaine, Mehmed V, Henri Rousseau, and Bernadette Soubirous. After him are Ilya Repin, Umberto I of Italy, Alexandra of Denmark, Pablo de Sarasate, Peter I of Serbia, and Friedrich Ratzel. Among people deceased in 1906, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 4Before him are Paul Cézanne, Henrik Ibsen, and Pierre Curie. After him are Christian IX of Denmark, Archduke Otto of Austria, Élie Ducommun, Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, Anton Arensky, Georgy Gapon, and Mihály Zichy.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 45 out of 799Before him are Karl Landsteiner (1868), Kurt Gödel (1906), Viktor Frankl (1905), Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (1415), Arnold Schoenberg (1874), and Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor (1557). After him are Albert II of Germany (1397), Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (1608), Lise Meitner (1878), Wolfgang Pauli (1900), Maximilian I of Mexico (1832), and Emil Cioran (1911).

Among PHYSICISTS In Austria

Among physicists born in Austria, Ludwig Boltzmann ranks 2Before him are Erwin Schrödinger (1887). After him are Lise Meitner (1878), Wolfgang Pauli (1900), Christian Doppler (1803), Victor Francis Hess (1883), Fritjof Capra (1939), Walter Kohn (1923), Otto Robert Frisch (1904), Victor Weisskopf (1908), Marian Smoluchowski (1872), and Anton Zeilinger (1945).

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