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Luce Irigaray

1930 - Today

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Luce Irigaray (born 3 May 1930) is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst, and cultural theorist who examined the uses and misuses of language in relation to women. Irigaray's first and most well known book, published in 1974, was Speculum of the Other Woman (1974), which analyzes the texts of Freud, Hegel, Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, and Kant through the lens of phallocentrism. Irigaray is the author of works analyzing many thinkers, including This Sex Which Is Not One (1977), which discusses Lacan's work as well as political economy; Elemental Passions (1982) can be read as a response to Merleau‐Ponty's article “The Intertwining—The Chiasm” in The Visible and the Invisible, and in The Forgetting of Air in Martin Heidegger (1999), Irigaray critiques Heidegger's emphasis on the element of earth as the ground of life and speech and his "oblivion" or forgetting of air.Irigaray employs three different modes in her investigations into the nature of gender, language, and identity: the analytic, the essayistic, and the lyrical poetic. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Luce Irigaray has received more than 575,931 page views. Her biography is available in 38 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 35 in 2019). Luce Irigaray is the 399th most popular philosopher (up from 453rd in 2019), the 127th most popular biography from Belgium (up from 153rd in 2019) and the 4th most popular Belgian Philosopher.

Luce Irigaray is most famous for her writings on feminine sexuality. Her work focuses on the importance of the female body and how it is often excluded from male-dominated society.

Memorability Metrics

  • 580k

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  • 61.01

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 38

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.64

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.05

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Luce Irigaray ranks 399 out of 1,081Before her are Guan Zhong, Han Yu, Eubulides, Paul Natorp, Nicephorus Gregoras, and Heinrich Rickert. After her are Christian Thomasius, Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, Antonio Negri, Charles Taylor, Nasir Khusraw, and Francis Hutcheson.

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Among people born in 1930, Luce Irigaray ranks 68Before her are Harvey Milk, Stanley Miller, Joanne Woodward, Jesús Franco, Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma, and Akira Suzuki. After her are Gérard Genette, Derek Walcott, Pierre Bergé, Ivan Silayev, Richard Donner, and Sonia Rykiel.

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In Belgium

Among people born in Belgium, Luce Irigaray ranks 127 out of 1,019Before her are Siger of Brabant (1240), Henri de Baillet-Latour (1876), Ermengarde of Hesbaye (778), Morris (1923), Marguerite Porete (1250), and Auguste Perret (1874). After her are Adriaen Brouwer (1605), Pierre Louÿs (1870), Prince Charles, Count of Flanders (1903), David Teniers the Younger (1610), Joseph Plateau (1801), and André Grétry (1741).


Among philosophers born in Belgium, Luce Irigaray ranks 4Before her are Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908), Justus Lipsius (1547), and Siger of Brabant (1240). After her are Chantal Mouffe (1943), Arnold Geulincx (1624), Henry of Ghent (1217), Paul de Man (1919), Franciscus Gomarus (1563), Alice von Hildebrand (1923), and Michel Weber (1963).