Li Shizhen

1517 - 1593

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Li Shizhen (July 3, 1518 – 1593), courtesy name Dongbi, was a Chinese acupuncturist, herbalist, naturalist, pharmacologist, physician, and writer of the Ming dynasty. He is the author of a 27-year work, found in the Compendium of Materia Medica (Bencao Gangmu (Chinese: 本草綱目). He developed several methods for classifying herb components and medications for treating diseases.The Compendium is a materia medica text with 1,892 entries, with details about more than 1,800 drugs (Chinese Medicine), including 1,100 illustrations and 11,000 prescriptions. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Li Shizhen has received more than 159,100 page views. His biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia. Li Shizhen is the 181st most popular physician (up from 188th in 2019), the 356th most popular biography from China (down from 341st in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Chinese Physician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 160k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.52

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 22

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.16

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.70

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Li Shizhens by language


Among physicians, Li Shizhen ranks 181 out of 509Before him are Soranus of Ephesus, E. Donnall Thomas, Asclepiades of Bithynia, Bernard Kouchner, Haldan Keffer Hartline, and Santorio Santorio. After him are Franciscus Sylvius, Fritz Klein, Charles Brenton Huggins, Sushruta, Thomas Bartholin, and Hasdai ibn Shaprut.

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Among people born in 1517, Li Shizhen ranks 6Before him are Gotthard Kettler, Gioseffo Zarlino, Emperor Ōgimachi, Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, and Francis I, Duke of Lorraine. After him are Frances Grey, Duchess of Suffolk, Rembert Dodoens, Pierre Belon, and Jacques Pelletier du Mans. Among people deceased in 1593, Li Shizhen ranks 4Before him are Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Christopher Marlowe, and Emperor Ōgimachi. After him are Juan de Herrera, Symon Budny, Xu Wei, Jacques Amyot, and Louis III, Duke of Württemberg.

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In China

Among people born in China, Li Shizhen ranks 356 out of 1,186Before him are Liang Qichao (1873), Yue Jin (200), Fuchai (-550), Emperor Xiaozong of Song (1127), Lu Yu (733), and Zhang Lu (101). After him are Edmond H. Fischer (1920), Emperor Muzong of Tang (795), Qi Baishi (1864), Emperor Shang of Han (105), Zhou Youguang (1906), and Ma Yuan (1160).


Among physicians born in China, Li Shizhen ranks 3Before him are Li Ching-Yuen (1677) and Hua Tuo (200). After him are Zhang Zhongjing (150), Sun Simiao (581), Andrew Yao (1946), and Liang Wudong (1959).