Leopold Ružička

1887 - 1976

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Leopold Ružička (Croatian pronunciation: [rǔʒitʃka]; 13 September 1887 – 26 September 1976) was a Croatian-Swiss scientist and joint winner of the 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his work on polymethylenes and higher terpenes" "including the first chemical synthesis of male sex hormones." He worked most of his life in Switzerland, and received eight doctor honoris causa in science, medicine, and law; seven prizes and medals; and twenty-four honorary memberships in chemical, biochemical, and other scientific societies. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Leopold Ružička has received more than 104,638 page views. His biography is available in 56 different languages on Wikipedia. Leopold Ružička is the 85th most popular chemist (down from 58th in 2019), the 16th most popular biography from Croatia (down from 10th in 2019) and the most popular Croatian Chemist.

Leopold Ružička is most famous for his discovery of the Ružička reaction.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 72.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 56

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.30

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.11

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among chemists, Leopold Ružička ranks 85 out of 510Before him are Irving Langmuir, Antoni Grabowski, Friedrich Bergius, Kurt Alder, Ernest Solvay, and Theodore William Richards. After him are Tadeusz Reichstein, Norman Haworth, Joseph Proust, John Howard Northrop, Richard Kuhn, and Odd Hassel.

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Among people born in 1887, Leopold Ružička ranks 29Before him are Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Heitor Villa-Lobos, Felix Yusupov, Georg Trakl, Ruth Benedict, and Kurt Schwitters. After him are August Macke, Wolfgang Köhler, Erich Mendelsohn, Lothar Rendulic, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Nadia Boulanger. Among people deceased in 1976, Leopold Ružička ranks 28Before him are Eyvind Johnson, Jacques Monod, Raymond Queneau, Rudolf Bultmann, Benjamin Graham, and Zhu De. After him are Choe Yong-gon, Anneliese Michel, Juscelino Kubitschek, Gustav Heinemann, Émile Benveniste, and Knud, Hereditary Prince of Denmark.

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In Croatia

Among people born in Croatia, Leopold Ružička ranks 16 out of 518Before him are Pope Caius (250), János Kádár (1912), Roger Joseph Boscovich (1711), Franz von Suppé (1819), Laura Antonelli (1941), and Andrija Mohorovičić (1857). After him are Crispus (305), Aloysius Stepinac (1898), Svetozar Boroević (1856), Joanna II of Naples (1373), Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović (1968), and Alida Valli (1921).

Among CHEMISTS In Croatia

Among chemists born in Croatia, Leopold Ružička ranks 1