Leopold Kronecker

1823 - 1891

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Leopold Kronecker (German: [ˈkʁoːnɛkɐ]; 7 December 1823 – 29 December 1891) was a German mathematician who worked on number theory, algebra and logic. He criticized Georg Cantor's work on set theory, and was quoted by Weber (1893) as having said, "Die ganzen Zahlen hat der liebe Gott gemacht, alles andere ist Menschenwerk" ("God made the integers, all else is the work of man"). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Leopold Kronecker has received more than 273,907 page views. His biography is available in 48 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). Leopold Kronecker is the 100th most popular mathematician (down from 99th in 2019), the 116th most popular biography from Poland (down from 108th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Polish Mathematician.

Leopold Kronecker is most famous for his statement "God created the integers, all else is the work of man."

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Among mathematicians, Leopold Kronecker ranks 100 out of 828Before him are Anthemius of Tralles, Isaac Barrow, János Bolyai, Alexander Grothendieck, Josef Stefan, and Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi. After him are Stefan Banach, Thomas Harriot, Christopher Clavius, John Couch Adams, Jean-Victor Poncelet, and Meton of Athens.

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Among people born in 1823, Leopold Kronecker ranks 11Before him are Ernest Renan, Alexandre Cabanel, Gyula Andrássy, Jean-Henri Fabre, Sándor Petőfi, and Édouard Lalo. After him are Li Hongzhang, John Sherman, Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Charles III, Duke of Parma, Mihailo Obrenović, and Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine. Among people deceased in 1891, Leopold Kronecker ranks 15Before him are Wilhelm Eduard Weber, Georges-Eugène Haussmann, Pedro II of Brazil, Theo van Gogh, P. T. Barnum, and Ivan Goncharov. After him are Jules Grévy, Prince Napoléon Bonaparte, Edmond Becquerel, Georges Ernest Boulanger, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia, and Franz Miklosich.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Leopold Kronecker ranks 116 out of 1,231Before him are Fred Zinnemann (1907), Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860), Edward Sapir (1884), Angelus Silesius (1624), Karl Hanke (1903), and Alfred Döblin (1878). After him are Osip Mandelstam (1891), Stefan Banach (1892), Antoni Grabowski (1857), Friedrich Bergius (1884), Kurt Alder (1902), and Tadeusz Reichstein (1897).


Among mathematicians born in Poland, Leopold Kronecker ranks 2Before him are Benoit Mandelbrot (1924). After him are Stefan Banach (1892), Marian Rejewski (1905), Ernst Kummer (1810), Wacław Sierpiński (1882), Hermann Schwarz (1843), Hermann Grassmann (1809), Felix Hausdorff (1868), Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus (1651), Kazimierz Kuratowski (1896), and Alfred Korzybski (1879).