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Leopold II of Belgium

1835 - 1909

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Leopold II (French: Léopold Louis Philippe Marie Victor, Dutch: Leopold Lodewijk Filips Maria Victor; 9 April 1835 – 17 December 1909) was the second King of the Belgians from 1865 to 1909 and the self-made autocratic ruler of the Congo Free State from 1885 to 1908. Born in Brussels as the second but eldest-surviving son of Leopold I and Louise of Orléans, Leopold succeeded his father to the Belgian throne in 1865 and reigned for 44 years until his death, the longest reign of a Belgian monarch to date. He died without surviving legitimate sons. The current Belgian king descends from his nephew and successor, Albert I. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Leopold II of Belgium has received more than 7,449,510 page views. His biography is available in 76 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 74 in 2019). Leopold II of Belgium is the 334th most popular politician (down from 256th in 2019), the 11th most popular biography from Belgium (down from 10th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Belgian Politician.

Leopold II was the King of Belgium from 1865-1909. He is most famous for his brutal rule over the Congo and his exploitation of the Congo's natural resources.

Memorability Metrics

  • 7.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.64

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 76

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.84

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.08

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Leopold II of Belgium ranks 334 out of 15,577Before him are B. R. Ambedkar, Numa Pompilius, Edward V of England, Charles VIII of France, Seti I, and Qianlong Emperor. After him are Louis XI of France, Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Yitzhak Rabin, Alexander Dubček, Elagabalus, and Philip III of Spain.

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Among people born in 1835, Leopold II of Belgium ranks 5Before him are Mark Twain, Pope Pius X, Empress Dowager Cixi, and Camille Saint-Saëns. After him are Cesare Lombroso, Adolf von Baeyer, Andrew Carnegie, César Cui, Henryk Wieniawski, Giovanni Schiaparelli, and Samuel Butler. Among people deceased in 1909, Leopold II of Belgium ranks 1After him are Cesare Lombroso, Geronimo, Isaac Albéniz, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Francisco Tárrega, Hermann Minkowski, Itō Hirobumi, Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, Peder Severin Krøyer, Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia, and Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia.

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In Belgium

Among people born in Belgium, Leopold II of Belgium ranks 11 out of 1,019Before him are Audrey Hepburn (1929), Jan van Eyck (1395), Andreas Vesalius (1514), René Magritte (1898), Maurice Maeterlinck (1862), and Gerardus Mercator (1512). After him are Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908), Philip I of Castile (1478), Anthony van Dyck (1599), Orlande de Lassus (1534), Albert II of Belgium (1934), and Mary of Burgundy (1457).

Among POLITICIANS In Belgium

Among politicians born in Belgium, Leopold II of Belgium ranks 4Before him are Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1500), Pepin the Short (715), and Clovis I (466). After him are Philip I of Castile (1478), Albert II of Belgium (1934), Mary of Burgundy (1457), Ursula von der Leyen (1958), Leopold III of Belgium (1901), Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy (1480), Albert I of Belgium (1875), and Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1697).