Kristian Birkeland

1867 - 1917

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Kristian Olaf Bernhard Birkeland (13 December 1867 – 15 June 1917) was a Norwegian scientist. He is best remembered for his theories of atmospheric electric currents that elucidated the nature of the aurora borealis. In order to fund his research on the aurorae, he invented the electromagnetic cannon and the Birkeland–Eyde process of fixing nitrogen from the air. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Kristian Birkeland has received more than 149,883 page views. His biography is available in 28 different languages on Wikipedia. Kristian Birkeland is the 256th most popular chemist (down from 218th in 2019), the 87th most popular biography from Norway (down from 66th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Norwegian Chemist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 150k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 28

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.51

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Kristian Birkelands by language


Among chemists, Kristian Birkeland ranks 256 out of 510Before him are Christian Friedrich Schönbein, William Henry, Roger D. Kornberg, Charles François de Cisternay du Fay, Mária Telkes, and Robert H. Grubbs. After him are Emil Abderhalden, George Porter, John Polanyi, Alexander Butlerov, J. D. Bernal, and Alfred G. Gilman.

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Among people born in 1867, Kristian Birkeland ranks 43Before him are Ignacy Mościcki, Leo Jogiches, Wilhelm Groener, Hans Driesch, Edgar de Wahl, and Winsor McCay. After him are Josep Puig i Cadafalch, Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Elvira Madigan, Charles Fabry, Charles Koechlin, and Sundance Kid. Among people deceased in 1917, Kristian Birkeland ranks 29Before him are Adolph Wagner, Hussein Kamel of Egypt, Ranavalona III, Mendele Mocher Sforim, Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, and Hugo Simberg. After him are Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia, Maximilian von Prittwitz, Georges Guynemer, Dadabhai Naoroji, Lucien Petit-Breton, and Gustav von Schmoller.

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In Norway

Among people born in Norway, Kristian Birkeland ranks 87 out of 735Before him are Finn E. Kydland (1943), Max Manus (1914), Margaret, Maid of Norway (1283), Haakon Ericsson (995), Eystein I of Norway (1088), and Jan Garbarek (1947). After him are Otto Sverdrup (1854), Kirsten Flagstad (1895), Atle Selberg (1917), Trygve Gulbranssen (1894), Morten Harket (1959), and Herbjørg Wassmo (1942).

Among CHEMISTS In Norway

Among chemists born in Norway, Kristian Birkeland ranks 3Before him are Odd Hassel (1897) and Lars Onsager (1903). After him are Peter Waage (1833).