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Karl Landsteiner

1868 - 1943

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Karl Landsteiner (German: [kaʁl ˈlantˌʃtaɪnɐ]; 14 June 1868 – 26 June 1943) was an Austrian-born American biologist, physician, and immunologist. He distinguished the main blood groups in 1900, having developed the modern system of classification of blood groups from his identification of the presence of agglutinins in the blood, and in 1937 identified, with Alexander S. Wiener, the Rhesus factor, thus enabling physicians to transfuse blood without endangering the patient's life. With Constantin Levaditi and Erwin Popper, he discovered the polio virus in 1909. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Karl Landsteiner has received more than 2,019,895 page views. His biography is available in 81 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 80 in 2019). Karl Landsteiner is the 11th most popular biologist (down from 10th in 2019), the 41st most popular biography from Austria (down from 39th in 2019) and the most popular Austrian Biologist.

Karl Landsteiner is most famous for discovering the ABO blood groups and the Rhesus factor.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 81

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  • 15.06

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.20

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Karl Landsteiner ranks 11 out of 841Before him are Ivan Pavlov, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Luc Montagnier, Ernst Haeckel, and James Watson. After him are Konrad Lorenz, Peter Kropotkin, Rosalind Franklin, Thomas Hunt Morgan, Alfred Russel Wallace, and Richard Dawkins.

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Among people born in 1868, Karl Landsteiner ranks 4Before him are Nicholas II of Russia, Maxim Gorky, and Fritz Haber. After him are Miklós Horthy, Abdulmejid II, Constantine I of Greece, Robert Andrews Millikan, Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, Gichin Funakoshi, and Emanuel Lasker. Among people deceased in 1943, Karl Landsteiner ranks 4Before him are Nikola Tesla, Sergei Rachmaninoff, and David Hilbert. After him are Isoroku Yamamoto, Pieter Zeeman, Camille Claudel, Simone Weil, Boris III of Bulgaria, Henrik Pontoppidan, Theodor Eicke, and Yakov Dzhugashvili.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Karl Landsteiner ranks 41 out of 1,237Before him are Friedrich Hayek (1899), Anton Bruckner (1824), Arnold Schoenberg (1874), Viktor Frankl (1905), Maximilian I of Mexico (1832), and Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor (1557). After him are Konrad Lorenz (1903), Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (1608), Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (1678), Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (1415), Lise Meitner (1878), and Otto von Habsburg (1912).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Austria

Among biologists born in Austria, Karl Landsteiner ranks 1After him are Konrad Lorenz (1903), Karl von Frisch (1886), Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901), Joy Adamson (1910), Erich von Tschermak (1871), Othenio Abel (1875), Clemens von Pirquet (1874), Leopold Fitzinger (1802), Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti (1735), Franz Unger (1800), and Ignaz Schiffermüller (1727).