Kösem Sultan

1590 - 1651

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Kösem Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: كوسم سلطان‎, IPA: [cœˈsæm suɫˈtan]) (c. 1589 – 2 September 1651) – also known as Mahpeyker Sultan (Turkish pronunciation: [mahpejˈkæɾ suɫˈtan]; from the Persian compound ماه پيكر Māh-peyker meaning "moon framed") – was an Ottoman sultana and regent who effectively ruled the Ottoman Empire from September 1623 to May 1632, and then later from February 1640 until her death in September 1651. She became one of the most powerful and influential women in Ottoman history as well as a prominent and controversial figure during the era known as the Sultanate of Women.Kösem Sultan achieved power and influenced the politics of the Ottoman Empire when she became haseki sultan as favourite consort of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I (r. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Kösem Sultan has received more than 3,464,796 page views. Her biography is available in 45 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Kösem Sultan is the 124th most popular politician (down from 123rd in 2019), the 19th most popular biography from Greece (up from 20th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Greek Politician.

Kösem Sultan was most famous for being a powerful and influential woman in the Ottoman Empire. She was one of the most powerful women in the Ottoman Empire. She was a slave girl who became a concubine, then a wife, and finally the mother of the sultan.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 84.69

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 45

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.16

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.42

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Kösem Sultans by language


Among politicians, Kösem Sultan ranks 124 out of 15,710Before her are Angela Merkel, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, Henry V of England, Clovis I, and Louis XIII of France. After her are Vespasian, Cardinal Richelieu, Hatshepsut, Alfred the Great, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and Hermann Göring.

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Among people born in 1590, Kösem Sultan ranks 2Before her is Ahmed I. After her are Pope Clement X, Mahfiruz Hatun, Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Simon Vouet, Charles of Austria, Bishop of Wroclaw, Urbain Grandier, Gioachino Greco, Jacob van Eyck, Théophile de Viau, and William Bradford. Among people deceased in 1651, Kösem Sultan ranks 1After her are Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, Lennart Torstensson, Tokugawa Iemitsu, Abraham Bloemaert, Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, Tugay Bey, Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, Virginia Centurione Bracelli, Cornelis de Vos, Ngawang Namgyal, and Giovanni Girolamo Kapsperger.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Kösem Sultan ranks 19 out of 855Before her are Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1921), El Greco (1541), Philip II of Macedon (-382), Aristophanes (-448), Plutarch (46), and Euripides (-480). After her are Phidias (-490), Thucydides (-460), Sappho (-630), Aeschylus (-525), Protagoras (-486), and Themistocles (-524).


Among politicians born in Greece, Kösem Sultan ranks 4Before her are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Pericles (-494), and Philip II of Macedon (-382). After her are Demosthenes (-384), Leonidas I (-540), Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), Cleisthenes (-565), Alcibiades (-450), Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769), Solon (-638), and Peisistratos (-600).