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Julius Axelrod

1912 - 2004

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Julius Axelrod (May 30, 1912 – December 29, 2004) was an American biochemist. He won a share of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1970 along with Bernard Katz and Ulf von Euler. The Nobel Committee honored him for his work on the release and reuptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters, a class of chemicals in the brain that include epinephrine, norepinephrine, and, as was later discovered, dopamine. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Julius Axelrod has received more than 157,891 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 47 in 2019). Julius Axelrod is the 190th most popular chemist (down from 187th in 2019), the 1,282nd most popular biography from United States (up from 1,338th in 2019) and the 39th most popular American Chemist.

Julius Axelrod is most famous for his work in the field of neuropharmacology. He was the first to isolate and identify the neurotransmitter called dopamine.

Memorability Metrics

  • 160k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.46

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 53

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.17

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.44

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among chemists, Julius Axelrod ranks 190 out of 509Before him are Ei-ichi Negishi, Walter Gilbert, Alan J. Heeger, Raymond Davis Jr., Stanislao Cannizzaro, and Germain Henri Hess. After him are Gerhard Herzberg, Erwin Chargaff, Ahmed Zewail, Otto Wichterle, Johann Deisenhofer, and F. Sherwood Rowland.

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Among people born in 1912, Julius Axelrod ranks 56Before him are Taiichi Ohno, Tibor Sekelj, Ghazi of Iraq, George Emil Palade, Ertuğrul Osman, and Pedro Armendáriz. After him are John Payne, Patrick White, Cornel Wilde, Isser Harel, Salvador Luria, and José Ferrer. Among people deceased in 2004, Julius Axelrod ranks 38Before him are Godfrey Hounsfield, Gérard Debreu, John Vane, Thomas Klestil, Robert Merle, and Matthäus Hetzenauer. After him are Andriyan Nikolayev, Edward B. Lewis, Theo van Gogh, Arthur Hailey, Norberto Bobbio, and John Pople.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Julius Axelrod ranks 1,282 out of 18,182Before him are Sam Cooke (1931), Raymond Davis Jr. (1914), Chevy Chase (1943), Walter Bradford Cannon (1871), John D. Rockefeller Jr. (1874), and Mike Shinoda (1977). After him are John Payne (1912), Yonatan Netanyahu (1946), James Garner (1928), Henry Gantt (1861), Lewis A. Swift (1820), and Annette Bening (1958).

Among CHEMISTS In United States

Among chemists born in United States, Julius Axelrod ranks 39Before him are Wallace Carothers (1896), Stephanie Kwolek (1923), Arthur Kornberg (1918), Walter Gilbert (1932), Alan J. Heeger (1936), and Raymond Davis Jr. (1914). After him are F. Sherwood Rowland (1927), John Fenn (1917), Robert H. Grubbs (1942), William Standish Knowles (1917), Robert Curl (1933), and Elias James Corey (1928).