Julius Axelrod

1912 - 2004

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Julius Axelrod (May 30, 1912 – December 29, 2004) was an American biochemist. He won a share of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1970 along with Bernard Katz and Ulf von Euler. The Nobel Committee honored him for his work on the release and reuptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters, a class of chemicals in the brain that include epinephrine, norepinephrine, and, as was later discovered, dopamine. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Julius Axelrod has received more than 135,512 page views. His biography is available in 47 different languages on Wikipedia. Julius Axelrod is the 187th most popular chemist (down from 179th in 2019), the 1,339th most popular biography from United States (down from 1,070th in 2019) and the 34th most popular American Chemist.

Julius Axelrod is most famous for his work in the field of neuropharmacology. He was the first to isolate and identify the neurotransmitter called dopamine.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 47

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.44

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among chemists, Julius Axelrod ranks 187 out of 510Before him are Tapputi, Emil Erlenmeyer, Alan J. Heeger, Robert Bruce Merrifield, John Fenn, and Nicolas Leblanc. After him are Richard F. Heck, Raymond Davis Jr., John Pople, F. Sherwood Rowland, Walter Gilbert, and Paul Berg.

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Among people born in 1912, Julius Axelrod ranks 60Before him are Tibor Sekelj, Lawrence Durrell, Pat Nixon, John Payne, George Emil Palade, and Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker. After him are Ertuğrul Osman, Shoichi Nishimura, Princess Deokhye, Hermann Graf, José Ferrer, and Arne Næss. Among people deceased in 2004, Julius Axelrod ranks 41Before him are Robert Merle, Arthur Hailey, Norberto Bobbio, Fanny Blankers-Koen, Thomas Klestil, and Andriyan Nikolayev. After him are Ko Yong-hui, Gérard Debreu, John Pople, José López Portillo y Pacheco, Masanori Tokita, and Otto Kumm.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Julius Axelrod ranks 1,339 out of 15,968Before him are Robert Loggia (1930), Paul Stanley (1952), Debbie Harry (1945), John G. Avildsen (1935), Jeffrey DeMunn (1947), and Edward T. Hall (1914). After him are Jimmy Doolittle (1896), Gus Van Sant (1952), Marsha P. Johnson (1945), Rudy Giuliani (1944), Richard F. Heck (1931), and James J. Braddock (1905).

Among CHEMISTS In United States

Among chemists born in United States, Julius Axelrod ranks 34Before him are Jerome Karle (1918), Stanford Moore (1913), Stephanie Kwolek (1923), Alan J. Heeger (1936), Robert Bruce Merrifield (1921), and John Fenn (1917). After him are Richard F. Heck (1931), Raymond Davis Jr. (1914), F. Sherwood Rowland (1927), Walter Gilbert (1932), Paul Berg (1926), and Elias James Corey (1928).