Josiah Willard Gibbs

1839 - 1903

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Josiah Willard Gibbs (; February 11, 1839 – April 28, 1903) was an American scientist who made significant theoretical contributions to physics, chemistry, and mathematics. His work on the applications of thermodynamics was instrumental in transforming physical chemistry into a rigorous inductive science. Together with James Clerk Maxwell and Ludwig Boltzmann, he created statistical mechanics (a term that he coined), explaining the laws of thermodynamics as consequences of the statistical properties of ensembles of the possible states of a physical system composed of many particles. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Josiah Willard Gibbs has received more than 648,291 page views. His biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 54 in 2019). Josiah Willard Gibbs is the 122nd most popular physicist (up from 156th in 2019), the 548th most popular biography from United States (down from 542nd in 2019) and the 12th most popular American Physicist.

Josiah Willard Gibbs is most famous for his work in thermodynamics. He was the first to create a systematic treatment of thermodynamics.

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Among physicists, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 122 out of 721Before him are Felix Bloch, Henry Moseley, Simon van der Meer, Karl Schwarzschild, Thomas Young, and Walther Bothe. After him are J. Hans D. Jensen, George Paget Thomson, Edward Victor Appleton, Isidor Isaac Rabi, Gustaf Dalén, and Percy Williams Bridgman.

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Among people born in 1839, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 9Before him are Modest Mussorgsky, Sully Prudhomme, Alfred Sisley, Charles Sanders Peirce, George Armstrong Custer, and Carol I of Romania. After him are Josephine Cochrane, Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, Machado de Assis, Nikolay Przhevalsky, Emil Škoda, and Princess Cecilie of Baden. Among people deceased in 1903, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 10Before him are Camille Pissarro, Theodor Mommsen, Alois Hitler, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, and Alexander I of Serbia. After him are Otto Weininger, Hugo Wolf, Gemma Galgani, Gotse Delchev, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, and Calamity Jane.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 548 out of 15,968Before him are Florence Foster Jenkins (1868), Danny Trejo (1944), Emily Greene Balch (1867), Buckminster Fuller (1895), Romina Power (1951), and Kevin Spacey (1959). After him are Clifford Geertz (1926), Kamehameha I (1758), Elinor Ostrom (1933), Eddie Murphy (1961), Henry Mancini (1924), and Philip Glass (1937).

Among PHYSICISTS In United States

Among physicists born in United States, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 12Before him are Barry Barish (1936), Joseph Henry (1797), Clinton Davisson (1881), Ernest Lawrence (1901), John Bardeen (1908), and Kip Thorne (1940). After him are Percy Williams Bridgman (1882), Owen Chamberlain (1920), Benjamin Thompson (1753), Murray Gell-Mann (1929), Hugh Everett III (1930), and Robert H. Goddard (1882).