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Josiah Willard Gibbs

1839 - 1903

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Josiah Willard Gibbs (; February 11, 1839 – April 28, 1903) was an American scientist who made significant theoretical contributions to physics, chemistry, and mathematics. His work on the applications of thermodynamics was instrumental in transforming physical chemistry into a rigorous inductive science. Together with James Clerk Maxwell and Ludwig Boltzmann, he created statistical mechanics (a term that he coined), explaining the laws of thermodynamics as consequences of the statistical properties of ensembles of the possible states of a physical system composed of many particles. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Josiah Willard Gibbs has received more than 758,269 page views. His biography is available in 63 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 58 in 2019). Josiah Willard Gibbs is the 134th most popular physicist (down from 122nd in 2019), the 557th most popular biography from United States (down from 548th in 2019) and the 15th most popular American Physicist.

Josiah Willard Gibbs is most famous for his work in thermodynamics. He was the first to create a systematic treatment of thermodynamics.

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  • 760k

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  • 65.84

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 63

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.45

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.94

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 134 out of 717Before him are Percy Williams Bridgman, Charles Glover Barkla, Hans Georg Dehmelt, Maurice Wilkins, Ernest Lawrence, and Igor Tamm. After him are Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron, Albert Fert, François Englert, Jean-Baptiste Biot, Jacques Charles, and Frits Zernike.

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Among people born in 1839, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 9Before him are Modest Mussorgsky, Sully Prudhomme, Alfred Sisley, Charles Sanders Peirce, Carol I of Romania, and George Armstrong Custer. After him are Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, Josephine Cochrane, Nikolay Przhevalsky, Machado de Assis, Emil Škoda, and Princess Cecilie of Baden. Among people deceased in 1903, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 10Before him are Camille Pissarro, Theodor Mommsen, Alois Hitler, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, and Alexander I of Serbia. After him are Otto Weininger, Hugo Wolf, Gotse Delchev, Calamity Jane, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, and James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 557 out of 18,182Before him are Ernest Lawrence (1901), Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875), Thorstein Veblen (1857), Joseph Barbera (1911), Washington Irving (1783), and Eugene O'Neill (1888). After him are Dean Martin (1917), Farrah Fawcett (1947), Theodore William Richards (1868), Doris Day (1922), Boris Johnson (1964), and Gene Kelly (1912).

Among PHYSICISTS In United States

Among physicists born in United States, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 15Before him are Joseph Henry (1797), Kip Thorne (1940), Owen Chamberlain (1920), Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1921), Percy Williams Bridgman (1882), and Ernest Lawrence (1901). After him are Robert Coleman Richardson (1937), Ben Roy Mottelson (1926), Martin Lewis Perl (1927), Val Logsdon Fitch (1923), Hugh Everett III (1930), and Michio Kaku (1947).