Josiah Willard Gibbs

1839 - 1903

Josiah Willard Gibbs

Josiah Willard Gibbs (February 11, 1839 – April 28, 1903) was an American scientist who made significant theoretical contributions to physics, chemistry, and mathematics. His work on the applications of thermodynamics was instrumental in transforming physical chemistry into a rigorous inductive science. Together with James Clerk Maxwell and Ludwig Boltzmann, he created statistical mechanics (a term that he coined), explaining the laws of thermodynamics as consequences of the statistical properties of ensembles of the possible states of a physical system composed of many particles. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Josiah Willard Gibbs has received more than 510,346 page views. His biography is available in 54 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 157th most popular physicist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 510k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 64.76

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 54

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.16

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.77

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 156 out of 659Before him are Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron, Auguste Piccard, Maurice Wilkins, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Willis Lamb, and Hans Georg Dehmelt. After him are Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Polykarp Kusch, Benjamin Thompson, Leo Szilard, Ilya Frank, and Pyotr Kapitsa.

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Among people born in 1839, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 10Before him are Sully Prudhomme, Alfred Sisley, Charles Sanders Peirce, George Armstrong Custer, Carol I of Romania, and Josephine Cochrane. After him are Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, Nikolay Przhevalsky, Machado de Assis, Emil Škoda, Théodule-Armand Ribot, and Yoshitoshi. Among people deceased in 1903, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 11Before him are Camille Pissarro, Alois Hitler, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, Alexander I of Serbia, and Otto Weininger. After him are Hugo Wolf, Gotse Delchev, Gemma Galgani, Camillo Sitte, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, and James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 542 out of 12,171Before him are Ellen G. White (1827), Willis Lamb (1913), Richard Kiel (1939), Francis Fukuyama (1952), Lana Turner (1921), and Carl Barks (1901). After him are Jodie Foster (1962), Alice Cooper (1948), Emily Greene Balch (1867), William T. G. Morton (1819), Gena Rowlands (1930), and Prince (1958).

Among PHYSICISTS In United States

Among physicists born in United States, Josiah Willard Gibbs ranks 19Before him are John Robert Schrieffer (1931), Ben Roy Mottelson (1926), Joseph Henry (1797), Donald A. Glaser (1926), Leon Cooper (1930), and Willis Lamb (1913). After him are Benjamin Thompson (1753), Kip Thorne (1940), Martin Lewis Perl (1927), Steven Weinberg (1933), James Cronin (1931), and George E. Smith (1930).