Joseph-Ignace Guillotin

1738 - 1814

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Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (French: [ʒɔzɛf iɲas ɡijɔtɛ̃]; 28 May 1738 – 26 March 1814) was a French physician, politician, and freemason who proposed on 10 October 1789 the use of a device to carry out death penalties in France, as a less painful method of execution than existing methods. Although he did not invent the guillotine and opposed the death penalty, his name became an eponym for it. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph-Ignace Guillotin has received more than 512,702 page views. His biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin is the 24th most popular physician (down from 23rd in 2019), the 320th most popular biography from France (down from 285th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular French Physician.

Joseph-Ignace Guillotin was a French physician and politician. He invented the guillotine, a device which became the standard method of execution in France.

Memorability Metrics

  • 510k

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  • 77.37

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 40

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.36

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.28

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicians, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 24 out of 509Before him are Alois Alzheimer, Pedanius Dioscorides, Li Ching-Yuen, Jean-Martin Charcot, Michael Servetus, and Rudolf Virchow. After him are Franz Mesmer, Georgius Agricola, Polycarp, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Claude Bernard, and Camillo Golgi.

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Among people born in 1738, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 3Before him are William Herschel and George III of the United Kingdom. After him are Cesare Beccaria, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Túpac Amaru II, Albert Casimir, Duke of Teschen, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, Thomas Abbt, Ethan Allen, Johann Hermann, and Aleijadinho. Among people deceased in 1814, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 5Before him are Marquis de Sade, Empress Joséphine, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and Maria Carolina of Austria. After him are Benjamin Thompson, Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Marie-Louise O'Murphy, Charles-Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, Louis François Joseph, Prince of Conti, and Louis-Sébastien Mercier.

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In France

Among people born in France, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 320 out of 5,234Before him are François Hollande (1954), Paul Valéry (1871), Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1275), Marie Thérèse of France (1778), Raynald of Châtillon (1123), and Jean Arp (1886). After him are Robert Guiscard (1016), Charles Messier (1730), Chrétien de Troyes (1135), René Goscinny (1926), Marguerite de Navarre (1492), and Jean-Michel Jarre (1948).

Among PHYSICIANS In France

Among physicians born in France, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 3Before him are Albert Schweitzer (1875) and Jean-Martin Charcot (1825). After him are Claude Bernard (1813), Alexis Carrel (1873), Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (1845), Ambroise Paré (1510), Philippe Pinel (1745), René Laennec (1781), Karl Brandt (1904), Louis Auguste Blanqui (1805), and Hilary of Poitiers (315).