PHYSICIAN

Joseph-Ignace Guillotin

1738 - 1814

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Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (French: [ʒɔzɛf iɲas ɡijɔtɛ̃]; 28 May 1738 – 26 March 1814) was a French physician, politician, and freemason who proposed on 10 October 1789 the use of a device to carry out death penalties in France, as a less painful method of execution than existing methods. Although he did not invent the guillotine and opposed the death penalty, his name became an eponym for it. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph-Ignace Guillotin has received more than 569,713 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). Joseph-Ignace Guillotin is the 24th most popular physician, the 304th most popular biography from France (up from 319th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Physician.

Joseph-Ignace Guillotin was a French physician and politician. He invented the guillotine, a device which became the standard method of execution in France.

Memorability Metrics

  • 570k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.71

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.98

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.23

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among PHYSICIANS

Among physicians, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 24 out of 502Before him are Alois Alzheimer, Michael Servetus, Nestorius, Pedanius Dioscorides, Jacques Rogge, and Rudolf Virchow. After him are Polycarp, Camillo Golgi, Paul Ehrlich, Willem Einthoven, Alexis Carrel, and Georgius Agricola.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1738, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 3Before him are William Herschel and George III of the United Kingdom. After him are Cesare Beccaria, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Túpac Amaru II, Albert Casimir, Duke of Teschen, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, Ethan Allen, Thomas Abbt, Johann Hermann, and Aleijadinho. Among people deceased in 1814, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 5Before him are Marquis de Sade, Empress Joséphine, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and Maria Carolina of Austria. After him are Benjamin Thompson, Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Marie-Louise O'Murphy, Charles-Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt, Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, and Matthew Flinders.

Others Born in 1738

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Others Deceased in 1814

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In France

Among people born in France, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 304 out of 6,011Before him are Michel Platini (1955), Chlothar I (498), Frédéric Mistral (1830), Joan I of Navarre (1273), Robert I, Duke of Normandy (1010), and Louis, Duke of Burgundy (1682). After him are Alfred Werner (1866), Bernard Arnault (1949), Georges de La Tour (1593), Jean Baudrillard (1929), Édouard Daladier (1884), and Frédéric Passy (1822).

Among PHYSICIANS In France

Among physicians born in France, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin ranks 2Before him are Albert Schweitzer (1875). After him are Alexis Carrel (1873), Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (1845), Claude Bernard (1813), Ambroise Paré (1510), Karl Brandt (1904), Jean-Martin Charcot (1825), Hilary of Poitiers (315), Philippe Pinel (1745), René Laennec (1781), and Jean Nicot (1530).