José de San Martín

1778 - 1850

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José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín (Spanish pronunciation: [xoˈse ðe san maɾˈtin] (listen)) or the Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru, was an Argentine general and the primary leader of the southern and central parts of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire who served as the Protector of Peru. Born in Yapeyú, Corrientes, in modern-day Argentina, he left the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata at the early age of seven to study in Málaga, Spain. In 1808, after taking part in the Peninsular War against France, San Martín contacted in London South American supporters of independence from Spain. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of José de San Martín has received more than 1,438,144 page views. His biography is available in 74 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 73 in 2019). José de San Martín is the 155th most popular military personnel (down from 152nd in 2019), the 15th most popular biography from Argentina (down from 13th in 2019) and the most popular Military Personnel.

José de San Martín is most famous for leading the independence movement in Argentina and Chile, and for being the first president of Argentina.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.58

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 74

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 2.31

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 6.93

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among military personnels, José de San Martín ranks 155 out of 1,468Before him are Chūichi Nagumo, Helmuth Weidling, Mardonius, Semyon Budyonny, Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, and Alfred von Schlieffen. After him are Rudolf Abel, Gertrude Bell, Andrey Vlasov, Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Abraha, and Pyotr Bagration.

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Among people born in 1778, José de San Martín ranks 6Before him are Louis Bonaparte, Marie Thérèse of France, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, Humphry Davy, and Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. After him are Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Fernando Sor, Giovanni Battista Belzoni, Bernardo O'Higgins, and Clemens Brentano. Among people deceased in 1850, José de San Martín ranks 8Before him are Louis Philippe I, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, William Wordsworth, Daoguang Emperor, Zachary Taylor, and Báb. After him are Marie Tussaud, Frédéric Bastiat, Johann Heinrich von Thünen, Louise of Orléans, Robert Peel, and Lin Zexu.

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In Argentina

Among people born in Argentina, José de San Martín ranks 15 out of 1,019Before him are Juan Perón (1895), Juan Manuel Fangio (1911), Martha Argerich (1941), Lionel Messi (1987), Jorge Rafael Videla (1925), and Isabel Martínez de Perón (1931). After him are Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (1953), Omar Sívori (1935), Mercedes Sosa (1935), Carlos Menem (1930), Leopoldo Galtieri (1926), and Mario Kempes (1954).


Among military personnels born in Argentina, José de San Martín ranks 1After him are Tamara Bunke (1937), Pedro Eugenio Aramburu (1903), Emilio Eduardo Massera (1925), and Alfredo Astiz (1951).