José de San Martín

1778 - 1850

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José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín (Spanish pronunciation: [xoˈse ðe san maɾˈtin] (listen)) or the Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru, was an Argentine general and the primary leader of the southern and central parts of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire who served as the Protector of Peru. Born in Yapeyú, Corrientes, in modern-day Argentina, he left the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata at the early age of seven to study in Málaga, Spain. In 1808, after taking part in the Peninsular War against France, San Martín contacted in London South American supporters of independence from Spain. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of José de San Martín has received more than 1,308,524 page views. His biography is available in 73 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 70 in 2019). José de San Martín is the 152nd most popular military personnel (down from 128th in 2019), the 13th most popular biography from Argentina (up from 14th in 2019) and the most popular Argentinean Military Personnel.

José de San Martín is most famous for leading the independence movement in Argentina and Chile, and for being the first president of Argentina.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.21

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 73

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 1.99

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 7.17

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among military personnels, José de San Martín ranks 152 out of 1,466Before him are Djemal Pasha, Ernst Busch, Erwin von Witzleben, Helmuth Weidling, Semyon Budyonny, and Franz Halder. After him are Georg von Küchler, Johannes Blaskowitz, Walther von Reichenau, Yi Sun-sin, Gaius Julius Caesar, and Amr ibn al-As.

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Among people born in 1778, José de San Martín ranks 6Before him are Louis Bonaparte, Humphry Davy, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, Marie Thérèse of France, and Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. After him are Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Fernando Sor, Bernardo O'Higgins, Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, and Clemens Brentano. Among people deceased in 1850, José de San Martín ranks 9Before him are Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, William Wordsworth, Báb, Zachary Taylor, Daoguang Emperor, and Marie Tussaud. After him are Louise of Orléans, Frédéric Bastiat, Lin Zexu, Johann Heinrich von Thünen, Robert Peel, and Germain Henri Hess.

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In Argentina

Among people born in Argentina, José de San Martín ranks 13 out of 900Before him are Juan Perón (1895), Juan Manuel Fangio (1911), Astor Piazzolla (1921), Isabel Martínez de Perón (1931), Martha Argerich (1941), and Jorge Rafael Videla (1925). After him are Daniel Barenboim (1942), Lionel Messi (1987), Omar Sívori (1935), Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (1953), Mercedes Sosa (1935), and Mario Kempes (1954).


Among military personnels born in Argentina, José de San Martín ranks 1After him are Tamara Bunke (1937), Pedro Eugenio Aramburu (1903), Emilio Eduardo Massera (1925), and Alfredo Astiz (1951).