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John Ray

1627 - 1705

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John Ray FRS (29 November 1627 – 17 January 1705) was a Christian English naturalist widely regarded as one of the earliest of the English parson-naturalists. Until 1670, he wrote his name as John Wray. From then on, he used 'Ray', after "having ascertained that such had been the practice of his family before him". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Ray has received more than 342,628 page views. His biography is available in 38 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 35 in 2019). John Ray is the 109th most popular biologist (down from 103rd in 2019), the 792nd most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 777th in 2019) and the 17th most popular British Biologist.

John Ray was an English naturalist who wrote about the natural world and the classification of plants and animals.

Memorability Metrics

  • 340k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.98

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 38

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.85

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.14

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of John Rays by language


Among biologists, John Ray ranks 109 out of 841Before him are Aaron Ciechanover, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Christiaan Hendrik Persoon, George Davis Snell, Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, and Sydney Brenner. After him are Giovanni Sartori, Archibald Hill, Oliver Smithies, William Bateson, Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, and Ferdinand Cohn.

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Among people born in 1627, John Ray ranks 7Before him are Robert Boyle, Turhan Hatice Sultan, Shivaji, Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, Aşub Sultan, and Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier. After him are Willem van Aelst, Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Countess Louise Henriette of Nassau, Petro Doroshenko, Mohammad-Baqer Majlesi, and Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel. Among people deceased in 1705, John Ray ranks 8Before him are Jacob Bernoulli, Emeric Thököly, Luca Giordano, Ninon de l'Enclos, Catherine of Braganza, and Sophia Charlotte of Hanover. After him are Philipp Spener, Madame d'Aulnoy, Pierre Beauchamp, Princess Wilhelmine Ernestine of Denmark, Guillaume Amontons, and George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, John Ray ranks 792 out of 7,765Before him are Saint Malachy (1094), Prince George, Duke of Kent (1902), Alan Hodgkin (1914), Danny Boyle (1956), Lady Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton (1850), and Matt Busby (1909). After him are Richard Stone (1913), Stephen Gray (1666), Archibald Hill (1886), David Cameron (1966), Bernard Cornwell (1944), and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (1689).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United Kingdom

Among biologists born in United Kingdom, John Ray ranks 17Before him are John Edward Gray (1800), Philip Miller (1691), Julian Huxley (1887), John Gurdon (1933), William Carey (1761), and Philip Sclater (1829). After him are Archibald Hill (1886), Oliver Smithies (1925), William Bateson (1861), Martin Evans (1941), Desmond Morris (1928), and Charles Scott Sherrington (1952).