John Ray

1627 - 1705

John Ray

John Ray FRS (29 November 1627 – 17 January 1705) was an English naturalist widely regarded as one of the earliest of the English parson-naturalists. Until 1670, he wrote his name as John Wray. From then on, he used 'Ray', after "having ascertained that such had been the practice of his family before him". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Ray has received more than 243,703 page views. His biography is available in 35 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 74th most popular biologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 240k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.15

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 35

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.06

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.82

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of John Rays by language


Among biologists, John Ray ranks 74 out of 686Before him are Nikolai Vavilov, Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, Johann Friedrich Gmelin, Paul Greengard, Gabriele Falloppio, and Carolus Clusius. After him are Werner Arber, Hermann Joseph Muller, John Gurdon, Jules A. Hoffmann, Günter Blobel, and Joseph Pitton de Tournefort.

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Among people born in 1627, John Ray ranks 5Before him are Robert Boyle, Shivaji, Turhan Hatice Sultan, and Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet. After him are Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier, Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Willem van Aelst, Countess Louise Henriette of Nassau, Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel, John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, and Georg Eberhard Rumphius. Among people deceased in 1705, John Ray ranks 6Before him are Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, Jacob Bernoulli, Luca Giordano, Emeric Thököly, and Sophia Charlotte of Hanover. After him are Catherine of Braganza, Ninon de l'Enclos, Philipp Spener, George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Pierre Beauchamp, and Bada Shanren.

Others Born in 1627

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Others Deceased in 1705

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, John Ray ranks 577 out of 5,347Before him are William Lassell (1799), Stanley Rous (1895), Raymond Cattell (1905), William Byrd (1543), Samuel Richardson (1689), and James Dewar (1842). After him are David Cameron (1966), Diana Rigg (1938), Maud of Wales (1869), John Fowles (1926), Tony Buzan (1942), and John Franklin (1786).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United Kingdom

Among biologists born in United Kingdom, John Ray ranks 12Before him are Rosalind Franklin (1920), Robert Brown (1773), Christian de Duve (1917), Richard Owen (1804), John Edward Gray (1800), and Erasmus Darwin (1731). After him are John Gurdon (1933), Julian Huxley (1887), Philip Miller (1691), Archibald Hill (1886), Martin Evans (1941), and William Bateson (1861).