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John Money

1921 - 2006

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John William Money (8 July 1921 – 7 July 2006) was a New Zealand American psychologist, sexologist and professor at Johns Hopkins University known for his research on human sexual behavior and gender. He was one of the first researchers to publish theories on the influence of societal constructs of gender on individual formation of gender identity. Money introduced the terms gender role and sexual orientation and popularised the terms gender identity and paraphilia.Working with endocrinologist Claude Migeon, Money established the Johns Hopkins Gender Identity Clinic, the first clinic in the United States to perform sexual reassignment surgeries.A 1997 academic study criticised Money's work in many respects, particularly in regard to the involuntary sex-reassignment of the child David Reimer, and Money's abuse of Reimer and his brother when they were children. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Money has received more than 2,759,394 page views. His biography is available in 25 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). John Money is the 96th most popular psychologist (up from 135th in 2019), the 13th most popular biography from New Zealand (up from 17th in 2019) and the most popular New Zealander Psychologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 58.66

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 25

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.86

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.97

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of John Monies by language


Among psychologists, John Money ranks 96 out of 183Before him are George Armitage Miller, Rollo May, Aleksei N. Leontiev, James McKeen Cattell, Harry Stack Sullivan, and Charles Spearman. After him are René Spitz, Benjamin Spock, Michael Balint, Urie Bronfenbrenner, Théodule-Armand Ribot, and Otto Gross.

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Among people born in 1921, John Money ranks 87Before him are Karel Appel, Herta Bothe, Paddy Roy Bates, Chris Marker, Amin al-Hafiz, and Thomas Schelling. After him are Geoffrey Wilkinson, James Clavell, Gene Roddenberry, Murray Bookchin, Françoise Gilot, and Oskar Gröning. Among people deceased in 2006, John Money ranks 63Before him are Richard Fleischer, James Van Allen, Karel Appel, Joachim Fest, Ta Mok, and Lillian Asplund. After him are William Styron, Floyd Patterson, Murray Bookchin, Reinhart Koselleck, Gillo Pontecorvo, and Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah.

Others Born in 1921

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Others Deceased in 2006

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In New Zealand

Among people born in New Zealand, John Money ranks 13 out of 248Before him are Denny Hulme (1936), Katherine Mansfield (1888), Burt Munro (1899), Wallace Fard Muhammad (1893), Jane Campion (1954), and Martin Campbell (1943). After him are Kiri Te Kanawa (1944), Alan MacDiarmid (1927), Chris Amon (1943), Lucy Lawless (1968), Bruce Spence (1945), and Rosé (1997).

Among PSYCHOLOGISTS In New Zealand

Among psychologists born in New Zealand, John Money ranks 1