John Cornforth

1917 - 2013

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Sir John Warcup Cornforth Jr., AC, CBE, FRS, FAA (7 September 1917 – 8 December 2013) was an Australian–British chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1975 for his work on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalysed reactions, becoming the only Nobel laureate born in New South Wales.Cornforth investigated enzymes that catalyse changes in organic compounds, the substrates, by taking the place of hydrogen atoms in a substrate's chains and rings. In his syntheses and descriptions of the structure of various terpenes, olefins, and steroids, Cornforth determined specifically which cluster of hydrogen atoms in a substrate were replaced by an enzyme to effect a given change in the substrate, allowing him to detail the biosynthesis of cholesterol. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Cornforth has received more than 315,799 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia. John Cornforth is the 205th most popular chemist (down from 171st in 2019), the 33rd most popular biography from Australia (down from 23rd in 2019) and the most popular Australian Chemist.

John cornforth is most famous for his work on the synthesis of vitamin B12.

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Among chemists, John Cornforth ranks 205 out of 510Before him are Michael Smith, Arieh Warshel, Henri Victor Regnault, Torbern Bergman, Jean-Pierre Sauvage, and Ignacy Łukasiewicz. After him are Roald Hoffmann, Derek Barton, Arthur Kornberg, Sidney Altman, Paul D. Boyer, and Ei-ichi Negishi.

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Among people born in 1917, John Cornforth ranks 64Before him are John Fenn, Carson McCullers, Robert Bloch, Herbert A. Hauptman, Jane Wyman, and Yukio Tsuda. After him are Juan Rulfo, Ko Arima, Henry Ford II, Will Eisner, Buddy Rich, and David Easton. Among people deceased in 2013, John Cornforth ranks 58Before him are Viktor Kulikov, Chinua Achebe, Mohammed Omar, Sylvia Browne, Lawrence Klein, and Ovadia Yosef. After him are Kenneth Waltz, Hiroshi Yamauchi, Wilfried Martens, Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Sara Montiel, and Kenneth G. Wilson.

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In Australia

Among people born in Australia, John Cornforth ranks 33 out of 790Before him are Tamam Shud case (1903), Joan Sutherland (1926), Elizabeth Blackburn (1948), Howard Florey (1898), Kylie Minogue (1968), and Lisa Gerrard (1961). After him are James Clavell (1921), Lionel Logue (1880), Rod Taylor (1930), Alan Jones (1946), Margaret Court (1942), and Simon Baker (1969).

Among CHEMISTS In Australia

Among chemists born in Australia, John Cornforth ranks 1After him are David Warren (1925).