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John Calvin

1509 - 1564

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John Calvin (; Middle French: Jehan Cauvin; French: Jean Calvin [ʒɑ̃ kalvɛ̃]; 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, including its doctrines of predestination and of God's absolute sovereignty in the salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation. Calvinist doctrines were influenced by and elaborated upon the Augustinian and other Christian traditions. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Calvin has received more than 4,985,225 page views. His biography is available in 106 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 103 in 2019). John Calvin is the 23rd most popular religious figure (down from 19th in 2019), the 18th most popular biography from France (up from 19th in 2019) and the most popular French Religious Figure.

John Calvin is most famous for the doctrine of predestination.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.0M

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  • 83.38

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 106

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.13

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.77

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, John Calvin ranks 23 out of 2,238Before him are Aaron, Isaac, Saint George, Saint Joseph, Andrew the Apostle, and Elijah. After him are Ali, Abu Bakr, Matthew the Apostle, Saint Barbara, Samson, and Martin of Tours.

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Among people born in 1509, John Calvin ranks 1After him are Michael Servetus, Şah Sultan, Daniele da Volterra, Fernão Mendes Pinto, John of Leiden, Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, Jan Matsys, Bernardino Telesio, Ippolito II d'Este, Étienne Dolet, and Luis de Morales. Among people deceased in 1564, John Calvin ranks 2Before him is Michelangelo. After him are Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, Andreas Vesalius, Pierre Belon, Rani Durgavati, Charles Estienne, Theodore Bibliander, Giovanni da Udine, and Maurice Scève.

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In France

Among people born in France, John Calvin ranks 18 out of 6,011Before him are Jules Verne (1828), Jean-Paul Sartre (1905), Nostradamus (1503), Molière (1622), Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900), and Charles de Gaulle (1890). After him are Auguste Comte (1798), Alain Delon (1935), Émile Durkheim (1858), Honoré de Balzac (1799), Napoleon III (1808), and Coco Chanel (1883).


Among religious figures born in France, John Calvin ranks 1After him are Pope Urban II (1042), Bernard of Clairvaux (1090), Pope Clement V (1264), Saint Sebastian (300), Thérèse of Lisieux (1873), Bernadette Soubirous (1844), Pope Gregory XI (1370), Pope John XXII (1244), Pope Urban V (1310), Jacques de Molay (1243), and Pope Clement VI (1291).