Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

1752 - 1840

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Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (11 May 1752 – 22 January 1840) was a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist. He is considered to be a main founder of zoology and anthropology as comparative, scientific disciplines. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach has received more than 553,957 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 36 in 2019). Johann Friedrich Blumenbach is the 9th most popular archaeologist (up from 12th in 2019), the 843rd most popular biography from Germany (up from 936th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular German Archaeologist.

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach is most famous for his work in the field of anthropometry, which is the study of the body and its measurements. He devised a system of measuring the skull and other parts of the body and created a classification system for races.

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Among archaeologists, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 9 out of 104Before him are Theodor Mommsen, Howard Carter, Arthur Evans, Edward Drinker Cope, V. Gordon Childe, and Marija Gimbutas. After him are Louis Agassiz, Zahi Hawass, George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, Ciriaco de' Pizzicolli, Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, and Louis Leakey.

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Among people born in 1752, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 6Before him are Maria Carolina of Austria, Joseph Marie Jacquard, Jeongjo of Joseon, Muzio Clementi, and Adrien-Marie Legendre. After him are Karl Mack von Leiberich, Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, Jacques Roux, Thomas Chatterton, Adolph Freiherr Knigge, and Nguyễn Huệ. Among people deceased in 1840, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 9Before him are Frederick William III of Prussia, Siméon Denis Poisson, Lucien Bonaparte, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers, Emperor Kōkaku, and Jacques MacDonald. After him are Louis de Bonald, Maria Beatrice of Savoy, Pierre-Joseph Redouté, Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol, Francisco de Paula Santander, and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 843 out of 5,289Before him are Harald Schumacher (1954), Prince Leopold of Bavaria (1846), Karl Harrer (1890), Ivan Rebroff (1931), Horst Tappert (1923), and Ulay (1943). After him are Nina Hagen (1955), Gustav Radbruch (1878), Dietmar Hopp (1940), Hugo Boss (1885), Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse (1868), and Karl Rahner (1904).


Among archaeologists born in Germany, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 3Before him are Heinrich Schliemann (1822) and Theodor Mommsen (1817). After him are Karl Richard Lepsius (1810), Leo Frobenius (1873), Ernst Curtius (1814), Wilhelm Dörpfeld (1853), Ami Boué (1794), Ernst Herzfeld (1879), Johann Andreas Wagner (1797), Heinrich Karl Brugsch (1827), and Halet Çambel (1916).