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Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

1752 - 1840

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Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (11 May 1752 – 22 January 1840) was a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist. He is considered to be a main founder of zoology and anthropology as comparative, scientific disciplines. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach has received more than 628,713 page views. His biography is available in 39 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 37 in 2019). Johann Friedrich Blumenbach is the 13th most popular archaeologist (down from 9th in 2019), the 1,128th most popular biography from Germany (down from 843rd in 2019) and the 3rd most popular German Archaeologist.

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach is most famous for his work in the field of anthropometry, which is the study of the body and its measurements. He devised a system of measuring the skull and other parts of the body and created a classification system for races.

Memorability Metrics

  • 630k

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  • 60.09

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 39

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.23

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.74

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among archaeologists, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 13 out of 104Before him are Zahi Hawass, Marija Gimbutas, George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, V. Gordon Childe, Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, and Ciriaco de' Pizzicolli. After him are Oscar Montelius, Aurel Stein, Flinders Petrie, Karl Richard Lepsius, Louis Leakey, and Austen Henry Layard.

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Among people born in 1752, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 8Before him are Maria Carolina of Austria, Joseph Marie Jacquard, Muzio Clementi, Adrien-Marie Legendre, Karl Mack von Leiberich, and Thomas Chatterton. After him are Jacques Roux, Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt, Nguyễn Huệ, Sébastien Érard, and Infante Gabriel of Spain. Among people deceased in 1840, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 9Before him are Frederick William III of Prussia, Emperor Kōkaku, Lucien Bonaparte, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers, Siméon Denis Poisson, and Jacques MacDonald. After him are Maria Beatrice of Savoy, José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, Louis de Bonald, Pierre-Joseph Redouté, Francisco de Paula Santander, and Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 1,128 out of 6,142Before him are Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse (1753), Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1765), Leo von Klenze (1784), Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg (1670), Franz Josef Strauss (1915), and Hrotsvitha (935). After him are Nicolaus Bruhns (1665), Walther Flemming (1843), Hans Reichenbach (1891), Beate Klarsfeld (1939), Emil Erlenmeyer (1825), and Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1694).


Among archaeologists born in Germany, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach ranks 3Before him are Heinrich Schliemann (1822) and Theodor Mommsen (1817). After him are Karl Richard Lepsius (1810), Leo Frobenius (1873), Ami Boué (1794), Wilhelm Dörpfeld (1853), Ernst Curtius (1814), Halet Çambel (1916), Heinrich Karl Brugsch (1827), Ernst Herzfeld (1879), and Rudolf Wagner (1805).