Jean-Baptiste Colbert

1619 - 1683

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Jean-Baptiste Colbert (French: [ʒɑ̃.ba.tist kɔl.bɛʁ]; 29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French statesman who served as First Minister of State from 1661 until his death in 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. His lasting impact on the organisation of the country's politics and markets, known as Colbertism, a doctrine often characterised as a variant of mercantilism, earned him the nickname le Grand Colbert ([lə ɡʁɑ̃ kɔl.bɛʁ]; "the Great Colbert"). A native of Reims, he was appointed Intendant of Finances on 4 May 1661. Colbert took over as Controller-General of Finances, a newly-elevated position, in the aftermath of the arrest of Nicolas Fouquet for embezzlement, an event that led to the abolishment of the office of Superintendent of Finances. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jean-Baptiste Colbert has received more than 801,378 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 47 in 2019). Jean-Baptiste Colbert is the 715th most popular politician (down from 468th in 2019), the 294th most popular biography from France (down from 208th in 2019) and the 76th most popular French Politician.

Jean-Baptiste Colbert was a French politician who served as the minister of finance under King Louis XIV. He is most famous for the mercantilist policies he enacted during his time in office, which were designed to promote France's economic growth and power.

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Among politicians, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 715 out of 15,710Before him are Konstantin von Neurath, Ahmose I, Manuel II Palaiologos, Sima Yi, Grigory Potemkin, and Sargon II. After him are Christian X of Denmark, Al-Ma'mun, Hong Taiji, Charles XIII of Sweden, Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Shunzhi Emperor.

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Among people born in 1619, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 2Before him is Cyrano de Bergerac. After him are Jan van Riebeeck, Charles Le Brun, Hyojong of Joseon, Barbara Strozzi, Francesco Morosini, Anne Geneviève de Bourbon, Willem Kalf, Philips Wouwerman, Prince Rupert of the Rhine, and Jacob Stainer. Among people deceased in 1683, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 2Before him is Maria Theresa of Spain. After him are Turhan Hatice Sultan, Kara Mustafa Pasha, Afonso VI of Portugal, Guarino Guarini, Louis, Count of Vermandois, Maria Francisca of Savoy, Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Margravine Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg, Jacob Stainer, and Juraj Križanić.

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In France

Among people born in France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 294 out of 5,234Before him are Gabriel Fauré (1845), Joan I of Navarre (1273), Jules Massenet (1842), Robert II of France (972), Nadar (1820), and François Quesnay (1694). After him are Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908), Jean Baudrillard (1929), Serge Gainsbourg (1928), Francis de Sales (1567), Chlothar I (498), and John the Fearless (1371).


Among politicians born in France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 76Before him are Constantine II (316), Henry I of France (1008), Anne of Brittany (1477), John I of France (1316), Joan I of Navarre (1273), and Robert II of France (972). After him are Chlothar I (498), John the Fearless (1371), Nicolas Sarkozy (1955), François Hollande (1954), Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1275), and Louis, Duke of Burgundy (1682).