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Jean-Baptiste Colbert

1619 - 1683

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Jean-Baptiste Colbert (French: [ʒɑ̃.ba.tist kɔl.bɛʁ]; 29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French statesman who served as First Minister of State from 1661 until his death in 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. His lasting impact on the organization of the country's politics and markets, known as Colbertism, a doctrine often characterized as a variant of mercantilism, earned him the nickname le Grand Colbert ([lə ɡʁɑ̃ kɔl.bɛʁ]; "the Great Colbert"). A native of Reims, he was appointed Intendant of Finances on 4 May 1661. Colbert took over as Controller-General of Finances, a newly created position, in the aftermath of the arrest of Nicolas Fouquet for embezzlement, an event that led to the abolishment of the office of Superintendent of Finances. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jean-Baptiste Colbert has received more than 999,379 page views. His biography is available in 52 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 49 in 2019). Jean-Baptiste Colbert is the 501st most popular politician (up from 714th in 2019), the 216th most popular biography from France (up from 293rd in 2019) and the 56th most popular French Politician.

Jean-Baptiste Colbert was a French politician who served as the minister of finance under King Louis XIV. He is most famous for the mercantilist policies he enacted during his time in office, which were designed to promote France's economic growth and power.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 52

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.35

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.12

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 501 out of 15,577Before him are Yazid I, Cnut the Great, Tahmasp I, John II of France, Hafez al-Assad, and Christian VII of Denmark. After him are Heraklonas, Sukarno, Frederick William I of Prussia, Abdulmejid II, Norodom Sihanouk, and Anna of Russia.

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Among people born in 1619, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 1After him are Charles Le Brun, Cyrano de Bergerac, Jan van Riebeeck, Hyojong of Joseon, Barbara Strozzi, Francesco Morosini, Anne Geneviève de Bourbon, Willem Kalf, Philips Wouwerman, Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, and Jacob Stainer. Among people deceased in 1683, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 2Before him is Turhan Hatice Sultan. After him are Maria Theresa of Spain, Kara Mustafa Pasha, Afonso VI of Portugal, Guarino Guarini, Louis, Count of Vermandois, Maria Francisca of Savoy, Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Jacob Stainer, Margravine Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg, and Juraj Križanić.

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In France

Among people born in France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 216 out of 6,011Before him are Pope Innocent VI (1282), Marie Thérèse of France (1778), Gustave Doré (1832), John II of France (1319), Petronius (27), and Pope Benedict XII (1280). After him are François Hollande (1954), Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon (1635), Nicolas Sarkozy (1955), Philip V of France (1293), Francis de Sales (1567), and Charles Fourier (1772).


Among politicians born in France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert ranks 56Before him are Guy of Lusignan (1150), Georges Pompidou (1911), Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (1113), Richard II of England (1367), Charles IV of France (1294), and John II of France (1319). After him are François Hollande (1954), Nicolas Sarkozy (1955), Philip V of France (1293), Philip III of France (1245), Georges Clemenceau (1841), and Oscar I of Sweden (1799).