James Joseph Sylvester

1814 - 1897

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James Joseph Sylvester (3 September 1814 – 15 March 1897) was an English mathematician. He made fundamental contributions to matrix theory, invariant theory, number theory, partition theory, and combinatorics. He played a leadership role in American mathematics in the later half of the 19th century as a professor at the Johns Hopkins University and as founder of the American Journal of Mathematics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of James Joseph Sylvester has received more than 178,574 page views. His biography is available in 35 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 33 in 2019). James Joseph Sylvester is the 141st most popular mathematician (up from 147th in 2019), the 700th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 693rd in 2019) and the 16th most popular British Mathematician.

James Joseph Sylvester was a British mathematician who is most famous for his work in matrix theory and invariant theory.

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Among mathematicians, James Joseph Sylvester ranks 141 out of 828Before him are Henri Lebesgue, Andrey Markov, Johannes Trithemius, Robert Aumann, Jost Bürgi, and Gabriel Lamé. After him are John Charles Fields, Étienne Bézout, Michel Rolle, Hermann of Reichenau, Harald Bohr, and Jacques Hadamard.

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Among people born in 1814, James Joseph Sylvester ranks 13Before him are Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, Anders Jonas Ångström, Henri Nestlé, Julius von Mayer, Hong Xiuquan, and Jenny von Westphalen. After him are Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours, Sheridan Le Fanu, Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Juan Prim, 1st Count of Reus, Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies, and Heinrich Geißler. Among people deceased in 1897, James Joseph Sylvester ranks 9Before him are Alphonse Daudet, Jacob Burckhardt, Karl Weierstrass, Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī, Edward Drinker Cope, and Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria. After him are Savitribai Phule, Albert Marth, Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, Jiroemon Kimura, Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Sebastian Kneipp.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, James Joseph Sylvester ranks 700 out of 6,924Before him are Philip Pullman (1946), Thomas Wolsey (1473), John Macleod (1876), Eric Burdon (1941), Ronald Fisher (1890), and Judith of Flanders (844). After him are Jessica Tandy (1909), William Pitt the Younger (1759), Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (1430), John Surtees (1934), Charles Vane (1680), and H. L. A. Hart (1907).

Among MATHEMATICIANS In United Kingdom

Among mathematicians born in United Kingdom, James Joseph Sylvester ranks 16Before him are John Wallis (1616), Brook Taylor (1685), John Horton Conway (1937), Robert Grosseteste (1175), William Oughtred (1574), and Andrew Wiles (1953). After him are Arthur Cayley (1821), Michael Atiyah (1929), James Gregory (1638), John Edensor Littlewood (1885), Colin Maclaurin (1698), and Henry Briggs (1561).