James J. Gibson

1904 - 1979

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James Jerome Gibson (; January 27, 1904 – December 11, 1979), was an American psychologist and one of the most important contributors to the field of visual perception. Gibson challenged the idea that the nervous system actively constructs conscious visual perception, and instead promoted ecological psychology, in which the mind directly perceives environmental stimuli without additional cognitive construction or processing. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked him as the 88th most cited psychologist of the 20th century, tied with John Garcia, David Rumelhart, Louis Leon Thurstone, Margaret Floy Washburn, and Robert S. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of James J. Gibson has received more than 233,328 page views. His biography is available in 17 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 16 in 2019). James J. Gibson is the 136th most popular psychologist (down from 131st in 2019), the 2,745th most popular biography from United States (up from 2,863rd in 2019) and the 44th most popular American Psychologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 230k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 64.93

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 17

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.92

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.86

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among psychologists, James J. Gibson ranks 136 out of 182Before him are Henry Murray, Lisbeth Palme, Steven Pinker, Roberto Assagioli, Emma Eckstein, and John Money. After him are Kurt Goldstein, Amos Tversky, Thomas Gordon, Stanley Schachter, Fritz Heider, and Auguste Forel.

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Among people born in 1904, James J. Gibson ranks 102Before him are Max Mallowan, Deng Yingchao, Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i, Karl Ernst, Arkady Gaidar, and María Zambrano. After him are Edmund Veesenmayer, Ding Ling, Wang Ming, Christian-Jaque, Leo Joseph Suenens, and Prince Ernst of Hohenberg. Among people deceased in 1979, James J. Gibson ranks 81Before him are Joseph Kessel, Louis Paul Boon, Darryl F. Zanuck, Léonide Massine, Carlo Abarth, and Waldemar de Brito. After him are Dhyan Chand, José Della Torre, Henrich Focke, Ahmad Zahir, Immanuel Velikovsky, and Barbara Hutton.

Others Born in 1904

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Others Deceased in 1979

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In United States

Among people born in United States, James J. Gibson ranks 2,745 out of 15,968Before him are Robert J. Van de Graaff (1901), August Derleth (1909), Harpo Marx (1888), Treat Williams (1951), Alfred Bester (1913), and Pat Riley (1945). After him are Lois Chiles (1947), Rob Schneider (1963), Thomas F. Wilson (1959), Kamehameha III (1814), Jason Momoa (1979), and George Smith (1941).

Among PSYCHOLOGISTS In United States

Among psychologists born in United States, James J. Gibson ranks 44Before him are Robert Sternberg (1949), J. P. Guilford (1897), Carol Gilligan (1936), Jon Kabat-Zinn (1944), Rensis Likert (1903), and Henry Murray (1893). After him are Thomas Gordon (1918), Stanley Schachter (1922), David Ausubel (1918), Arthur Janov (1924), Louis Leon Thurstone (1887), and Harry Harlow (1905).