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Israel Gelfand

1913 - 2009

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Israel Moiseevich Gelfand, also written Israïl Moyseyovich Gel'fand, or Izrail M. Gelfand (Yiddish: ישראל געלפֿאַנד, Russian: Изра́иль Моисе́евич Гельфа́нд, Ukrainian: Ізраїль Мойсейович Гельфанд; 2 September [O.S. 20 August] 1913 – 5 October 2009) was a prominent Soviet-American mathematician. He made significant contributions to many branches of mathematics, including group theory, representation theory and functional analysis. The recipient of many awards, including the Order of Lenin and the first Wolf Prize, he was a Foreign Fellow of the Royal Society and professor at Moscow State University and, after immigrating to the United States shortly before his 76th birthday, at Rutgers University. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Israel Gelfand has received more than 235,629 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 35 in 2019). Israel Gelfand is the 245th most popular mathematician (down from 242nd in 2019), the 208th most popular biography from Ukraine (down from 194th in 2019) and the 7th most popular Ukrainian Mathematician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 240k

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  • 57.35

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 37

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.72

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.44

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among mathematicians, Israel Gelfand ranks 245 out of 823Before him are Joseph Petzval, Alfred Korzybski, Leo Perutz, Ibn al-Shatir, George Atwood, and Farkas Bolyai. After him are Simon Newcomb, Pierre Varignon, Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Thomas Simpson, Seleucus of Seleucia, and Jabir ibn Aflah.

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Among people born in 1913, Israel Gelfand ranks 84Before him are Mary Leakey, Heinz Kohut, Wolfgang Lüth, Shih Kien, Bruno Pontecorvo, and Pierre Werner. After him are Marika Rökk, Amrita Sher-Gil, Johannes Steinhoff, Haxhi Lleshi, Bill Shankly, and José Sánchez del Río. Among people deceased in 2009, Israel Gelfand ranks 67Before him are Ingemar Johansson, Arne Næss, Takashi Takabayashi, Sydney Chaplin, Shih Kien, and Susan Atkins. After him are Irving Penn, Pavle, Serbian Patriarch, James Whitmore, Jack Kemp, Ricardo Montalbán, and Luís Cabral.

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In Ukraine

Among people born in Ukraine, Israel Gelfand ranks 208 out of 1,083Before him are Volodymyr Shcherbytsky (1918), Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko (1883), Georgy Dobrovolsky (1928), David Bronstein (1924), Sidney Reilly (1873), and Gregor Piatigorsky (1903). After him are Lyudmila Gurchenko (1935), Polina Zhemchuzhina (1897), Petro Doroshenko (1627), Mykola Lysenko (1842), Nathan Milstein (1902), and Stephen Timoshenko (1878).


Among mathematicians born in Ukraine, Israel Gelfand ranks 7Before him are Stanislaw Ulam (1909), Mikhail Ostrogradsky (1801), Vladimir Arnold (1937), Jan Łukasiewicz (1878), Richard von Mises (1883), and Anatoly Fomenko (1945). After him are Viktor Bunyakovsky (1804), Tatyana Afanasyeva (1876), Igor Shafarevich (1923), Alfred J. Lotka (1880), Georgy Voronoy (1868), and Sergei Natanovich Bernstein (1880).