Ibn Zuhr

1091 - 1162

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Abū Marwān ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Zuhr (Arabic: أبو مروان عبد الملك بن زهر‎), traditionally known by his Latinized name Avenzoar (; 1094–1162), was an Arab physician, surgeon, and poet. He was born at Seville in medieval Andalusia (present-day Spain), was a contemporary of Averroes and Ibn Tufail, and was the most well-regarded physician of his era. He was particularly known for his emphasis on a more rational, empiric basis of medicine. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ibn Zuhr has received more than 133,159 page views. His biography is available in 29 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 26 in 2019). Ibn Zuhr is the 130th most popular physician (up from 146th in 2019), the 273rd most popular biography from Spain (up from 301st in 2019) and the 4th most popular Spanish Physician.

Ibn Zuhr is most famous for the discovery of the contagious nature of the bubonic plague.

Memorability Metrics

  • 130k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.47

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 29

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.42

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.46

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicians, Ibn Zuhr ranks 130 out of 509Before him are Heo Jun, Peter Damian, Niels Ryberg Finsen, Oswald Avery, Jean Dausset, and Jean Marc Gaspard Itard. After him are Frederick Griffith, Carl Wernicke, John Eccles, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Merit-Ptah, and Hans Rosling.

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Among people born in 1091, Ibn Zuhr ranks 1After him is Floris II, Count of Holland. Among people deceased in 1162, Ibn Zuhr ranks 3Before him are Géza II of Hungary and Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona. After him are Sheikh Adi ibn Musafir, Haakon II of Norway, and Odo II, Duke of Burgundy.

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Others Deceased in 1162

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Ibn Zuhr ranks 273 out of 2,595Before him are Charles II, Duke of Parma (1799), Alfonso IX of León (1171), Mariano Rajoy (1955), Pompeia Plotina (65), Benito Pérez Galdós (1843), and Vicente Aleixandre (1898). After him are Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (1836), Alfonso, Prince of Asturias (1907), Jorge Semprún (1923), La Belle Otero (1868), Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria (1609), and Manuel Castells (1942).


Among physicians born in Spain, Ibn Zuhr ranks 4Before him are Michael Servetus (1509), Al-Zahrawi (936), and Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852). After him are Joseph Calasanz (1556), Hasdai ibn Shaprut (910), Leander of Seville (534), Severo Ochoa (1905), Margarita Salas (1938), and Fernando Quiroga Palacios (1900).