Ibn Taymiyyah

1263 - 1328

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Taqī ad-Dīn ʾAḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm ibn ʿAbd al-Salām al-Numayrī al-Ḥarrānī (Arabic: تقي الدين أحمد بن عبد الحليم بن عبد السلام النميري الحراني‎, January 22, 1263 – September 26, 1328), known simply ibn Taymīyyah (ابن تيمية), was a Sunni Islamic scholar, muhaddith, theologian, judge, philosopher, and sometimes controversial thinker and political figure. He is known for his diplomatic involvement with the Ilkhanid ruler Ghazan Khan and for his involvement at the Battle of Marj al-Saffar which ended the Mongol invasions of the Levant. A member of the Hanbali school, Ibn Taymiyyah's iconoclastic views on widely accepted doctrines of his time such as the veneration of saints and the visitation to their tomb-shrines made him unpopular with many scholars and rulers of the time, under whose orders he was imprisoned several times.A polarising figure in his own times and in the centuries that followed, Ibn Taymiyyah has become one of the most influential medieval writers in contemporary Islam, where his particular interpretations of the Qur'an and the Sunnah and his rejection of some aspects of classical Islamic tradition are believed to have had considerable influence on contemporary ultra-conservative movements such as Salafi-Jihadism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ibn Taymiyyah has received more than 1,440,206 page views. His biography is available in 57 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 52 in 2019). Ibn Taymiyyah is the 105th most popular philosopher (up from 107th in 2019), the 76th most popular biography from Turkey (up from 80th in 2019) and the 9th most popular Turkish Philosopher.

Ibn Taymiyyah is most famous for his belief that Muslims should not live under non-Muslim rule. He also believed that the Muslim world should be united under one caliphate.

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Among philosophers, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 105 out of 1,089Before him are Roland Barthes, Philo, Theophrastus, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Meister Eckhart, and Gilles Deleuze. After him are Nagarjuna, Bonaventure, Tommaso Campanella, Eusebius, Pyrrho, and George Gurdjieff.

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Among people born in 1263, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 1After him is Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland. Among people deceased in 1328, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 3Before him are Charles IV of France and Meister Eckhart. After him are Clementia of Hungary, John of Montecorvino, Isabella of Castile, Queen of Aragon, Galeazzo I Visconti, Ragibagh Khan, Yesün Temür, Castruccio Castracani, Prince Hisaaki, and Giovanni Soranzo.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 76 out of 1,128Before him are Gregory of Nazianzus (329), Honorius (384), Rachel (-3500), Constantine VII (905), Nestorius (381), and Piri Reis (1470). After him are Şehzade Bayezid (1525), Alexios I Komnenos (1048), Abdulmejid II (1868), Murad V (1840), Lucian (120), and Valerian (200).


Among philosophers born in Turkey, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 9Before him are Diogenes (-404), Anaximander (-610), Anaxagoras (-500), Epictetus (50), Xenophanes (-570), and Gregory of Nazianzus (329). After him are Chrysippus (-281), Posidonius (-135), Anaximenes of Miletus (-585), Proclus (412), Apollonius of Tyana (15), and Michael Psellos (1018).