638 - 713

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Dajian Huineng (traditional Chinese: 大鑒惠能; pinyin: Dàjiàn Huìnéng; Wade–Giles: Ta4-chien4; Japanese: Daikan Enō; Korean: Hyeneung); (February 27, 638 – August 28, 713), also commonly known as the Sixth Patriarch or Sixth Ancestor of Chan (traditional Chinese: 禪宗六祖), is a semi-legendary but central figure in the early history of Chinese Chan Buddhism. According to tradition he was an uneducated layman who suddenly attained awakening upon hearing the Diamond Sutra. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Huineng has received more than 256,271 page views. His biography is available in 27 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 25 in 2019). Huineng is the 281st most popular philosopher (up from 295th in 2019), the 168th most popular biography from China and the 13th most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Hui-neng is most famous for his dialogues with the sixth patriarch, Hui-k'o. Hui-neng was a lay disciple of the fifth patriarch, Hung-jen, and became the sixth patriarch of Ch'an Buddhism after Hui-k'o.

Memorability Metrics

  • 260k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 72.82

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 27

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.81

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.36

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Huinengs by language


Among philosophers, Huineng ranks 281 out of 1,089Before him are Cleanthes, François Fénelon, Johann Reuchlin, Rudolf Bultmann, Georges Sorel, and Mazdak. After him are Robert Nozick, Abraham ibn Ezra, Jacobus Arminius, Prodicus, Ramana Maharshi, and John Searle.

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Among people born in 638, Huineng ranks 1 Among people deceased in 713, Huineng ranks 3Before him are Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin and Philippikos Bardanes. After him are Princess Taiping and Yijing.

Others Born in 638

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Others Deceased in 713

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In China

Among people born in China, Huineng ranks 168 out of 1,186Before him are Pang Tong (179), Emperor Daizong of Tang (727), Wen Jiabao (1942), Yuan Shu (155), Emperor Renzong of Song (1010), and Zhu De (1886). After him are Emperor Hui of Han (-210), Huo Yuanjia (1868), Jin Yong (1924), Hong Xiuquan (1814), Empress Wanrong (1906), and Tianqi Emperor (1605).


Among philosophers born in China, Huineng ranks 13Before him are Mozi (-470), Padmasambhava (717), Han Fei (-280), Xun Kuang (-313), Milarepa (1052), and Shen Kuo (1031). After him are Wang Yangming (1472), Han Yu (768), Guan Zhong (-720), Ban Zhao (45), Linji Yixuan (850), and Dong Zhongshu (-179).