Hongwu Emperor

1328 - 1398

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Icon of person Hongwu Emperor

The Hongwu Emperor (21 October 1328 – 24 June 1398) Zhu Yuanzhang (Chinese: 朱元璋; Wade–Giles: Chu Yuan-chang), was the founding emperor of the Ming dynasty, reigning from 1368 to 1398.As famine, plagues and peasant revolts swept across China in the 14th century, Zhu Yuanzhang rose to command the forces that conquered China, ending the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty and forcing the Mongols to retreat to the Eurasian Steppe. Zhu claimed the Mandate of Heaven and established the Ming dynasty at the beginning of 1368 and occupied the Yuan capital, Khanbaliq (present-day Beijing), with his army that same year. Trusting only his family, he made his many sons powerful feudal princes along the northern marches and the Yangtze valley. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Hongwu Emperor has received more than 986,369 page views. His biography is available in 54 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 52 in 2019). Hongwu Emperor is the 421st most popular politician (up from 472nd in 2019), the 31st most popular biography from China (up from 34th in 2019) and the 15th most popular Chinese Politician.

The Hongwu Emperor is most famous for establishing the Ming Dynasty. He was the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty and he ruled from 1368 to 1398.

Memorability Metrics

  • 990k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.07

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 54

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.86

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.42

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Hongwu Emperors by language


Among politicians, Hongwu Emperor ranks 421 out of 15,710Before him are Frederick III, German Emperor, Sukarno, Macrinus, Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor, Louis the German, and John III Sobieski. After him are Solon, Idi Amin, Peisistratos, Christian VII of Denmark, Lothair I, and Honorius.

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Among people born in 1328, Hongwu Emperor ranks 1After him are Antipope Benedict XIII, Louis II, Elector of Brandenburg, Joan of Kent, Eleanor of Portugal, Queen of Aragon, Peter I of Cyprus, Emperor Go-Murakami, Blanche of France, Duchess of Orléans, and Nikephoros II Orsini. Among people deceased in 1398, Hongwu Emperor ranks 1After him are Jeong Dojeon, Blanche of Navarre, Queen of France, Rupert II, Elector Palatine, Emperor Sukō, James I of Cyprus, and Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March.

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In China

Among people born in China, Hongwu Emperor ranks 31 out of 1,186Before him are Cai Lun (48), Zhuge Liang (181), Liu Bei (161), Guan Yu (162), Du Fu (712), and Zhuang Zhou (-369). After him are Jiang Zemin (1926), Yongle Emperor (1360), Emperor Taizong of Tang (598), Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256), Toshiro Mifune (1920), and Lü Bu (161).


Among politicians born in China, Hongwu Emperor ranks 15Before him are Wu Zetian (624), Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Qianlong Emperor (1711), and Liu Bei (161). After him are Jiang Zemin (1926), Yongle Emperor (1360), Emperor Taizong of Tang (598), Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256), Emperor Wu of Han (-156), and Zhou Enlai (1898).