Hong Taiji

1592 - 1643

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Hong Taiji (28 November 1592 – 21 September 1643), sometimes written as Huang Taiji and sometimes referred to as Abahai in Western literature, was the second khan of the Later Jin (reigned from 1626 to 1636) and the founding emperor of the Qing dynasty (reigned from 1636 to 1643). He was responsible for consolidating the empire that his father Nurhaci had founded and laid the groundwork for the conquest of the Ming dynasty, although he died before this was accomplished. He was also responsible for changing the name of the Jurchen ethnicity to "Manchu" in 1635, and changing the name of his dynasty from "Great Jin" to "Great Qing" in 1636. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Hong Taiji has received more than 784,094 page views. His biography is available in 45 different languages on Wikipedia. Hong Taiji is the 681st most popular politician (up from 717th in 2019), the 45th most popular biography from China (up from 49th in 2019) and the 24th most popular Politician.

Hong Taiji is most famous for conquering the Ming Dynasty and establishing the Qing Dynasty.

Memorability Metrics

  • 780k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.59

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 45

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.00

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Hong Taiji ranks 681 out of 15,577Before him are Ladislaus the Posthumous, Olaf Scholz, Aldo Moro, Vytautas, Irene of Athens, and Arnulf of Carinthia. After him are Michael VIII Palaiologos, Maxentius, Ion Antonescu, Franjo Tuđman, Afonso I of Portugal, and Augustus III of Poland.

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Among people born in 1592, Hong Taiji ranks 3Before him are John Amos Comenius and Shah Jahan. After him are Pierre Gassendi, Wilhelm Schickard, Gerard van Honthorst, George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, Jacques Callot, Gustav Horn, Count of Pori, Catalina de Erauso, Peter Snayers, and Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Among people deceased in 1643, Hong Taiji ranks 3Before him are Louis XIII of France and Claudio Monteverdi. After him are Girolamo Frescobaldi, Sophia Brahe, Paul Guldin, Giovanni Baglione, François Duquesnoy, Hendrik Brouwer, Herman Wrangel, Tawaraya Sōtatsu, and Jean du Vergier de Hauranne.

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In China

Among people born in China, Hong Taiji ranks 45 out of 1,392Before him are Emperor Wu of Han (-156), Emperor Taizong of Tang (598), Yongzheng Emperor (1678), Nurhaci (1559), Mozi (-470), and Charles K. Kao (1933). After him are Lu Xun (1881), Yuan Shikai (1859), Zhu Xi (1130), Mahmud al-Kashgari (1029), Shunzhi Emperor (1638), and Sun Quan (182).


Among politicians born in China, Hong Taiji ranks 24Before him are Jiang Zemin (1926), Zhou Enlai (1898), Emperor Wu of Han (-156), Emperor Taizong of Tang (598), Yongzheng Emperor (1678), and Nurhaci (1559). After him are Yuan Shikai (1859), Shunzhi Emperor (1638), Sun Quan (182), Liu Shaoqi (1898), Emperor Gaozu of Tang (566), and Cao Pi (187).