Hippolyte Bayard

1801 - 1887

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Hippolyte Bayard (20 January 1801 – 14 May 1887) was a French photographer and pioneer in the history of photography. He invented his own process that produced direct positive paper prints in the camera and presented the world's first public exhibition of photographs on 24 June 1839. He claimed to have invented photography earlier than Louis-Jacques Mandé Daguerre in France and William Henry Fox Talbot in England, the men traditionally credited with its invention.Bayard experimented with the new medium taking photos of plant specimens, statuary (including posing with them for self-portraits), street scenes, urban landscapes, architectural photos, and portraits. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Hippolyte Bayard has received more than 182,167 page views. His biography is available in 17 different languages on Wikipedia. Hippolyte Bayard is the 40th most popular photographer (down from 37th in 2019), the 2,342nd most popular biography from France (down from 2,230th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Photographer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 180k

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  • 54.77

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 17

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.03

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.86

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among photographers, Hippolyte Bayard ranks 40 out of 105Before him are Guillermo Kahlo, Edward Weston, Berenice Abbott, Jacques Henri Lartigue, Daidō Moriyama, and Paul Strand. After him are Sabine Weiss, Josef Sudek, Carl Van Vechten, Astrid Kirchherr, André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri, and Oliviero Toscani.

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Among people born in 1801, Hippolyte Bayard ranks 33Before him are Henri Labrouste, Zénaïde Bonaparte, William H. Seward, Julius Plücker, David Farragut, and Richard Parkes Bonington. After him are Justo José de Urquiza, Fredrika Bremer, Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, Adolphe-Théodore Brongniart, Salvadore Cammarano, and Rifa'a al-Tahtawi. Among people deceased in 1887, Hippolyte Bayard ranks 17Before him are Juan, Count of Montizón, Jules Laforgue, Doc Holliday, Friedrich von Amerling, Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, and Anandi Gopal Joshi. After him are Paul Féval, père, Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, Ditlev Gothard Monrad, Józef Ignacy Kraszewski, William A. Wheeler, and Agostino Depretis.

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In France

Among people born in France, Hippolyte Bayard ranks 2,342 out of 6,011Before him are Louis Massignon (1883), Benedicta Henrietta of the Palatinate (1652), Nicholas Rémy (1530), Albert Lamorisse (1922), Nicolas Lancret (1690), and Sébastien Japrisot (1931). After him are Catherine of Burgundy (1378), Georges Ohnet (1848), Henri Mouhot (1826), Élisabeth Depardieu (1941), Duke Philipp of Württemberg (1838), and Pierre Alphonse Laurent (1813).


Among photographers born in France, Hippolyte Bayard ranks 8Before him are Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908), Robert Doisneau (1912), Dora Maar (1907), Claude Cahun (1894), Elliott Erwitt (1928), and Jacques Henri Lartigue (1894). After him are Sabine Weiss (1924), André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri (1819), Marc Riboud (1923), Sophie Calle (1953), Étienne Carjat (1828), and Willy Ronis (1910).