Herbert Friedman

1916 - 2000

Photo of Herbert Friedman

Icon of person Herbert Friedman

Herbert Friedman (June 21, 1916 – September 9, 2000) was an American pioneer in the application of sounding rockets to solar physics, aeronomy, and astronomy. He was also a statesman and public advocate for science. During his lifetime, he was awarded the Eddington Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, the National Medal of Science, the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the American Astronomical Society, the William Bowie Medal of the American Geophysical Union, the Wolf Foundation Prize in Physics, and the Albert A. Michelson Medal of the Franklin Institute (1972), among others. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Herbert Friedman has received more than 43,864 page views. His biography is available in 18 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 17 in 2019). Herbert Friedman is the 460th most popular astronomer (down from 443rd in 2019), the 7,774th most popular biography from United States (down from 6,985th in 2019) and the 95th most popular American Astronomer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 44k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 56.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 18

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.83

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.52

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Herbert Friedmen by language


Among astronomers, Herbert Friedman ranks 460 out of 532. Before him are Agnes Mary Clerke, Charlotte Moore Sitterly, Royal Harwood Frost, Margaret Lindsay Huggins, Mary Ward, and María Teresa Ruiz. After him are Mary Watson Whitney, Grove Karl Gilbert, Okuro Oikawa, Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist, David L. Rabinowitz, and John Pond.

Most Popular Astronomers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1916, Herbert Friedman ranks 219Before him are Spark Matsunaga, Lidia Wysocka, Nadya Nozharova, Ken Wharton, Yasuji Miyazaki, and Paul Felix Schmidt. After him are Roger Apéry, Dingiri Banda Wijetunga, I. J. Good, Dorothy Cheney, Kåre Holt, and Frank Parker. Among people deceased in 2000, Herbert Friedman ranks 222Before him are Mark Oliphant, Matija Ljubek, Anthony Powell, Joann Lõssov, Julius J. Epstein, and Efstathios Chorafas. After him are Lepo Sumera, Charles Hartshorne, Enric Miralles, Robert R. Wilson, Noor Jehan, and Peter Dubovský.

Others Born in 1916

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 2000

Go to all Rankings

In United States

Among people born in United States, Herbert Friedman ranks 7,774 out of 15,968. Before him are Reba McEntire (1955), Taylor Schilling (1984), Arlo Guthrie (1947), William Zabka (1965), Frank Knox (1874), and Tess Harper (1950). After him are A Martinez (1948), Mary Katharine Brandegee (1844), Scott Hall (1958), Jack Shea (1910), Verna Felton (1890), and Ricky Jay (1946).

Among ASTRONOMERS In United States

Among astronomers born in United States, Herbert Friedman ranks 95Before him are Irwin I. Shapiro (1929), Charles Augustus Young (1834), Benjamin Banneker (1731), James Gunn (1938), Charlotte Moore Sitterly (1898), and Royal Harwood Frost (1879). After him are Grove Karl Gilbert (1843), David L. Rabinowitz (1960), Margaret Geller (1947), Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806), Marc Aaronson (1950), and Helen Sawyer Hogg (1905).