INVENTOR

Henry Bessemer

1813 - 1898

Photo of Henry Bessemer

Icon of person Henry Bessemer

Sir Henry Bessemer (19 January 1813 – 15 March 1898) was an English inventor, whose steel-making process would become the most important technique for making steel in the nineteenth century for almost one hundred years from 1856 to 1950. He also played a significant role in establishing the town of Sheffield as a major industrial centre.Bessemer had been trying to reduce the cost of steel-making for military ordnance, and developed his system for blowing air through molten pig iron to remove the impurities. This made steel easier, quicker and cheaper to manufacture, and revolutionized structural engineering. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Henry Bessemer has received more than 472,617 page views. His biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 38 in 2019). Henry Bessemer is the 78th most popular inventor (down from 64th in 2019), the 590th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 448th in 2019) and the 15th most popular British Inventor.

Henry Bessemer is most famous for inventing the Bessemer process, which allowed steel to be made in a cheaper and faster way.

Memorability Metrics

  • 470k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.88

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 40

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.94

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.06

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among INVENTORS

Among inventors, Henry Bessemer ranks 78 out of 355Before him are Alberto Santos-Dumont, Wolfgang von Kempelen, Jacques Piccard, Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Alois Senefelder, and Edmund Cartwright. After him are John Harrison, Alphonse Bertillon, Ray Tomlinson, Étienne-Jules Marey, Percy Spencer, and Bi Sheng.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1813, Henry Bessemer ranks 7Before him are Giuseppe Verdi, Richard Wagner, Søren Kierkegaard, David Livingstone, Claude Bernard, and Georg Büchner. After him are John Snow, Charles-Valentin Alkan, Petar II Petrović-Njegoš, Ivar Aasen, Franz Miklosich, and Princess Josephine of Baden. Among people deceased in 1898, Henry Bessemer ranks 14Before him are Eugène Boudin, Louise of Hesse-Kassel, Ivan Shishkin, William Ewart Gladstone, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, and Charles Garnier. After him are Syed Ahmad Khan, Theodor Fontane, Heungseon Daewongun, Aubrey Beardsley, Eleanor Marx, and John Newlands.

Others Born in 1813

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Others Deceased in 1898

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Henry Bessemer ranks 590 out of 6,924Before him are Tony Buzan (1942), Desmond Llewelyn (1914), William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne (1779), Joan Collins (1933), Amélie of Orléans (1865), and Osborne Reynolds (1842). After him are Philip Miller (1691), Robert Grosseteste (1175), Boris Karloff (1887), William Lassell (1799), Frederick Forsyth (1938), and John Snow (1813).

Among INVENTORS In United Kingdom

Among inventors born in United Kingdom, Henry Bessemer ranks 15Before him are John Boyd Dunlop (1840), Henry Fox Talbot (1800), Frank Whittle (1907), Richard Arkwright (1732), Thomas Savery (1650), and Edmund Cartwright (1743). After him are John Harrison (1693), William Webb Ellis (1806), James Hargreaves (1720), Samuel Crompton (1753), W. O. Bentley (1888), and Robert Stirling (1790).