Henry Benedict Stuart

1725 - 1807

Photo of Henry Benedict Stuart

Icon of person Henry Benedict Stuart

Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York (6 March 1725 – 13 July 1807) was a Roman Catholic cardinal, as well as the fourth and final Jacobite heir to publicly claim the thrones of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland. Unlike his father, James Francis Edward Stuart, and brother, Charles Edward Stuart, Henry made no effort to seize the throne. After Charles's death in January 1788 the Papacy did not recognise Henry as the lawful ruler of England, Scotland, and Ireland, but referred to him as the Cardinal Duke of York.He spent his life in the Papal States and had a long career in the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church, rising to become the Dean of the College of Cardinals and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia and Velletri. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Henry Benedict Stuart has received more than 600,735 page views. His biography is available in 23 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 22 in 2019). Henry Benedict Stuart is the 1,011th most popular religious figure (up from 1,062nd in 2019), the 1,566th most popular biography from Italy (up from 1,624th in 2019) and the 322nd most popular Italian Religious Figure.

Memorability Metrics

  • 600k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.51

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 23

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.70

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.87

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Henry Benedict Stuarts by language


Among religious figures, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 1,011 out of 2,272Before him are Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow, Marcabru, Yohanan ben Zakkai, Simon Stock, Meletius of Antioch, and Annie Chapman. After him are Accursius, John of Matha, Ippolito de' Medici, Eduardo Martínez Somalo, Hyacinth of Poland, and Impenitent thief.

Most Popular Religious Figures in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1725, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 11Before him are Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, Ludovico Manin, Suzuki Harunobu, Ahilyabai Holkar, and Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre. After him are Robert Clive, Pyotr Rumyantsev, John Newton, Guillaume Le Gentil, Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa, and Arthur Guinness. Among people deceased in 1807, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 8Before him are Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Angelica Kauffman, Pasquale Paoli, Jérôme Lalande, Magtymguly Pyragy, and George Atwood. After him are Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, John Newton, Osman Pazvantoğlu, Nikolai Rezanov, Jacob Philipp Hackert, and Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst.

Others Born in 1725

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1807

Go to all Rankings

In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 1,566 out of 4,088Before him are Carlo Blasis (1797), Gennaro Gattuso (1978), Giuliano Amato (1938), Charles II, Duke of Savoy (1488), Tonino Guerra (1920), and Louis II, Elector of Brandenburg (1328). After him are Giovanni Battista Moroni (1525), Michele Sanmicheli (1484), Corrado Gini (1884), Valentina Cortese (1923), Accursius (1182), and Lucien Bianchi (1934).


Among religious figures born in Italy, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 322Before him are Paula of Rome (347), Ascanio Sforza (1455), Antipope Victor IV (1010), Fausto Sozzini (1539), Eusebius of Vercelli (283), and Gerolamo Emiliani (1486). After him are Accursius (1182), Ippolito de' Medici (1511), Mariano Rampolla (1843), Paul of the Cross (1694), Vincent Pallotti (1795), and Saint Marcella (325).