Henry Benedict Stuart

1725 - 1807

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Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York (6 March 1725 – 13 July 1807) was a Roman Catholic cardinal, as well as the fourth and final Jacobite heir to publicly claim the thrones of Great Britain and Ireland. Unlike his father, James Francis Edward Stuart, and brother, Charles Edward Stuart, Henry made no effort to seize the thrones. After Charles's death in January 1788 the Papacy did not recognise Henry as the lawful ruler of Great Britain and Ireland, but referred to him as the Cardinal Duke of York.He spent his life in the Papal States and had a long career in the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church, rising to become the Dean of the College of Cardinals and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia and Velletri. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Henry Benedict Stuart has received more than 677,113 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). Henry Benedict Stuart is the 1,004th most popular religious figure (up from 1,010th in 2019), the 1,505th most popular biography from Italy (up from 1,566th in 2019) and the 321st most popular Religious Figure.

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  • 58.32

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.95

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.92

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 1,004 out of 2,238Before him are Stephen Harding, Godfried Danneels, Yolanda of Poland, Henry, Catherine of Genoa, and Saint Chrysogonus. After him are Elon, William Booth, Henry of Latvia, Paul of the Cross, Alfredo Ottaviani, and Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet.

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Among people born in 1725, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 11Before him are Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, Robert Clive, Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre, Ludovico Manin, and Suzuki Harunobu. After him are John Newton, Pyotr Rumyantsev, Ahilyabai Holkar, Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, Franz Moritz von Lacy, and Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa. Among people deceased in 1807, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 7Before him are Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Angelica Kauffman, Pasquale Paoli, Jérôme Lalande, Magtymguly Pyragy, and Jeanne Baret. After him are George Atwood, John Newton, Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Osman Pazvantoğlu, Jacob Philipp Hackert, and Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 1,505 out of 4,668Before him are Dino Grandi (1895), Princess Marie of Orléans (1813), Adelaide del Vasto (1072), Amadeus I, Count of Savoy (1016), Catherine of Genoa (1447), and Saint Chrysogonus (250). After him are Mary Douglas (1921), Virginia Oldoini, Countess of Castiglione (1837), Desiderata of the Lombards (754), Lucius Aemilius Paullus (-300), Carlo Dolci (1616), and Blanche of Anjou (1280).


Among religious figures born in Italy, Henry Benedict Stuart ranks 321Before him are Augustine of Canterbury (510), Benedict the Moor (1526), Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi (1566), Arsenius the Great (354), Catherine of Genoa (1447), and Saint Chrysogonus (250). After him are Paul of the Cross (1694), Alfredo Ottaviani (1890), Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet (1588), Mariano Rampolla (1843), Nicholas of Tolentino (1245), and Maria Celeste (1600).